Purpose and approaches - This paper aims at analyzing the existing problems in team building for a hospital which consist of independent and multidisciplinary teams. It outlines the deficiencies of independent teams in communicating information and achieving organisational goals. Then it further explains the difference between interpersonal conflicts, intragroup conflicts and intergroup conflicts, followed with alternative solutions to transforming independent teams to interdependent teams. Key words - Interdependent teams, Conflicts, Communication barriers, Factors of cohesiveness Paper type - Essay
Definition of teams and its types
Team building is an important factor in any environment, its focus is to specialize in bringing out the best in a team to ensure self development, positive communication, leadership skills and the ability to work closely together as a team to problem solve. In the study of team building, team is defined as a group of workers who function as a unit, often with little or no supervision, to carry out organisational functions. Teams normally have members with complementary skills and generate synergy through a coordinated effort which allows each member to maximize his or her strengths and minimize his or her weaknesses. In an organisation, teams may generally fall between the following types: independent teams or Interdependent teams, self-managed teams, project teams, sports teams, virtual teams, interdisciplinary or multidisciplinary teams. Of the above different types of teams a distinction is usually drawn between "independent" and "interdependent" teams. An interdependent team is a team that: no significant task can be accomplished without the help of any of the members; within that team members typically specialize in different tasks, and the success is inextricably bound to the success of the whole team. On the other hand, an independent team is a team that: matches are played and won by individuals or partners, every person performs basically the same actions, and, an individual’s performance has no direct effect on the others’. In medical fields, teams may be interdisciplinary or multidisciplinary. Multidisciplinary teams involve several professionals who independently treat various issues a patient may have, focusing on the issues in which they specialize. The problems that are being treated may or may not relate to other issues being addressed by individual team members. “Interdisciplinary team approach involves all members of the team working together towards the same goal. In an interdisciplinary team approach, there can often be role blending by members of the core team, who may take on tasks usually filled by other team members” (Ferrell, Betty; Nessa Coyle, 2006). Deficiency of independent teams
In the case study provided, independent and multidisciplinary teams find their way in the daily operation of the hospital. The existence of multidisciplinary teams was intended to bring together different professional skills and provide an effective model of service delivery. The different professions that typically input into current mental health services include those of psychiatry, nursing, clinical psychology, occupational therapy and social work. But it turns out that the professionals work generally on their own effort, the co-operation between different teams is rarely effective. Team members tend to think that their performance would merely affect their own team, no effort is paid at setting a feasible co-operation programme. Collaboration and skill mix is most often influenced by professional allegiances rather than by what is best for the patient. There is no single overall administrative system to support the clinicians and little joint discussion. Major issues needed to be understood in team building
To address the problems in team-building, the following two questions should be...