helpful to me in my current teaching situation are teaching prosocial skills,
managing anger effectively, and learning conflict resolution skills.
Students need essential prosocial skills as indicated by numerous studies.
Teachers and administrators should never take for granted that children
already posse the skills to efficiently get along with one another. Just as we
teach children reading and math so should we prosocial expectations. Some
children as they enter into public schools may have never experienced nor
had the opportunity to develop the necessary skills for successful peer
To be successful in today’s classrooms students must exhibit the
following prosocial skills; empathy, sharing, respect for others, and to be
courteous through good listening skills.
One of the most important skills needed to succeed is the ability to be a
good listener. If children are to understand and cooperate with each other
they will need to develop good listening skills. It is crucial that students
listen to other people’s feelings, needs, or points of view. It is those students
who grasp this concept who show caring and understanding to their peers by
being effective listeners. I feel that listening attentively is one of the most
critical skills students develop. Students need to be taught the basic rules for
listening. Simple things such as keeping and maintaining eye contact is
essential. Nodding of the head to show understanding is important. Sitting or
standing still also reflects your level of listening. Students must recognize
these skills as important building blocks needed to show respect and caring.
As teachers we must set expectations. Students must understand that we
expect them to sit still and remain quiet when listening. Students must
understand that maintaining eye contact and nodding are vital to listening.
Prosocial skills that are taught well will help reduce conflict and is a huge
benefit not only for the teacher of that class but also the students in that class.
When students are efficient listeners they demonstrate caring and respect.
These students can now listen efficiently and communicate back and forth
ideas. This will hopefully reduce conflict in the classroom that would have
resulted from the poor listening skills. This means that the teacher can teach
and maximize learning time effectively without wasting time dealing with
issues they shouldn’t have to address. Students who effectively listening
spend less time in conflict and more time on the real task at hand “learning”.
Students will improve academically and in turn demonstrate this on state
testing. Students will also benefit from improved listening skills by being
able to better understand each other and resolve conflicts with words rather
Another beneficial strategy that I learned from this course is how to teach
students to effectively manage their stress and reduce conflicts as a result of
anger management issues. Anger is a normal human reaction brought on by
frustration or aggression. Anger that is recognized and accepted can be
channeled and used in positive ways. However, many students do not have
their fits of anger under control or even realize they have the power to
respond constructively. Students must recognize their anger. They must
identify the causes of their anger and respond appropriately to anger.
Students need to be taught how to recognize look-fors that alert us to
upcoming anger. When angry students may feel tense, hot, sweaty, and red
in the face. There are three steps to teach children when helping them deal
and manage with their anger. Students must stop what they are doing. Teach
students to sit down and count or even take deep breaths. Next, teach...