“Teaching Prepositions with the help of Multimedia Instrument – PowerPoint Presentation in the Non-native Scenario”
Presented by: Mr. Gawate Sandip Prakash M.A. MPhil. (English) Lecturer in English
Introduction English language came in India in the seventieth century. It came with the British and initially it was used only by the British people associated with the East India Company. Simultaneously, some English missionaries used it for the religious and educational purposes. As the British spread their control over the country, English came to be used as an official language and language of education, judiciary, etc. After Independence, English continued as an official language. Despite opposition and controversies, it still continues the status of the co-official language along with Hindi. After the reorganization of Indian states along linguistic lines, the regional languages gained more significance. Nevertheless, the spread and use of English has been growing at a phenomenal speed all over India. English is being used in India as a Second language. In addition to its widespread use in administration, judiciary, trade, commerce, and being used in education almost at all the lands. With the rise in the number of English medium schools and the expansion of IT and ICT, English has become all pervasive and a powerful language normally associated with success and happiness. Though due to its pervasiveness and wide use of English has risen to the status of Second language in India, the Indian users of English are still considered non-native users of English. As non-native users of English, we face typical problems like mother tongue interference and lack of knowledge of the native usage. The English used by the 11% Indians today is thus a non-native variety of English with its characteristics and particularities. Why to learn English Language The following points show how English language has become essential and pivotal in India. 1) One third of the countries in the world use English as their official language. For this and various other reasons, English is the best link language at the international level. 2) English is a language of knowledge and information, As a library language and as the language of media and the Internet, people all over the world depend on English for getting knowledge and information.
3) English is the language of science and technology. Two third of the papers available in this field have been written in English. Since science and technology dominate the modern life, English also becomes inevitable. 4) Wide use of English as a medium of instruction at school and college level necessitates the learning of English. In India, for example, science, law, management, medicine, and technology are thought only through English. 5) Globalization as a process of internationalization of everything that is local depends on English as its vehicle. People in developing countries like India, therefore, are left with no option but to learn and use English. 6) The all round progress, particularly in technology and industry, has further accelerated the use of English. It has emerged as a language of opportunities and success. Teaching English is, thus, looked at as ‘empowering’ the learners. 7) In India there are twenty-two languages listed in the Eighth Schedule of the constitution. Each state has a language of its own. However, English without enjoying much of an official support has emerged the second largest used language next to Hindi. Thus considering the changing scenario inside and outside India, it is certain that English dominates every walk of human life and as much is the most powerful language. Everyone, rich and poor, rural and urban, would like to and should learn English. L 1 and L 2 The First Language Acquisition (L1) 1) L1 acquisition is genetically triggered at the most critical stage of the child's cognitive development. 2) The 'engine' of language–its syntactic...