Teaching Plan for Diabetes Mellitus

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Teaching Plan for Diabetes Mellitus

Teaching Plan for Diabetes Mellitus
Bonny York
Jacksonville University
Nursing 342
October 10 2011

Teaching Plan for Diabetes Mellitus 1

The Identified Learning Need
Patients with diabetes have very comprhensive learning needs. The learning needs are focused on managing their glucose levels and preventing complications of diabetes. Learning needs for the patient with diabetes are complex and include: monitoring blood glucose levels, menu planning, exercise, medications, skin care, management of co-existing disease processes, knowledge of medications, knowledge of the disease process and how to manage hypo/pyperglycemia. Many of these patients are unaware that diabete mellitus requires lifestyle changes, especially in the areas of nutrition and physical activity. The main goal of the teaching plan is to provide the patient with the knowledge to be able to make self-directed behavioral changes to improve their overall health and manage their diabetes (Franz, 2001). Behavioral Objectives for the teaching plan

The patient will be able to describe the diabetic medications that they are on and how to properly take the medication. The patient will be able to perform self-monitoring of blood glucose using a blood glucose meter as evidenced by demonstration of the technique to the nurse. The patient will be able to demonstrate proper skin and foot care. The patient will be able to describe the benefits of regular exercise and how regular exercise can improve blood glucose control. Teaching Plan

Teaching Plan for Diabetes Mellitus
2
The diabetes teaching plan is aimed at helping the patient make educated lifestyle changes that will promote health and a stable blood glucose level. Each patient needs a comprehensive treatment approach. This includes: (a) an individualized food/meal plan, (b) education related to diabetes mellitus and nutrition, and © mutually agreed-upon short term and long term goals for lifestyle changes.

The teaching plan should stress the importance of complying with the prescribed treatment program. This plan should be tailored to the individuals needs, abilities, and developmental stage. The plan should include: diet, medication administration, possible adverse effects of medication, exercise, blood glucose monitoring, hygiene, and the prevention and recognition of hypo/hyperglycenia (McGovern, 2002). Teaching Sessions

Day 1
General overview of diabetes (2 hours)
Day 2
Blood glucose monitoring and goals od blood glucose monitoring (3 hours) Day 3
Medications and Insulin (2-3 hours)
Day 4
Complications from diabetes (1 hour)
Skin and foot care (0.5 hour)
Teaching Plan for Diabetes Mellitus 4

Exercise and Diabetes (1.5 hours)
Day 5
Diet and Diabetes (2 hours)
Coping with Diabetes (1 hour)
Day 6
Questions and Answers (1 hour)
Review of any concepts requested by patients (1 hour)
General Overview of Diabetes
Patients need to understand what diabetes is. Patients who understand what diabetes is and the complicated process associated with the disease are more likely to comply with the prescribed treatment regimen. Explain to the patient that diabetes is a syndrome with disordered metabolism and inappropriate hyperglycemia due to either a deficiency of insulin secretion or to a combination of insulin resistance and inadequate insulin secretion to compensate (Davis, 2001). Understanding will increase the patients willingness to make the necessary lifestyle changes. Provide the patient with written material that they can refer to at a later time. Testing Blood Glucose Levels

Testing blood glucose levels pre-meal and post-meal can help the patient with diabetes make better...
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