Personal Philosophy of Teaching and Learning
A classroom is a very dynamic and spontaneous place. Every classroom is comprised of a diverse combination of individuals who all contribute to the unpredictable nature and uniqueness of the class. The reality that no two students are alike and no two classes are ever alike, contributes greatly to the difficulty of establishing a realistic and effective classroom management plan. It is important that teachers realize that a classroom is an unpredictable place and that it is much more reasonable to strive to manage their classroom as opposed to trying to control it. I see my role as a managing teacher as guiding my students through their learning as they explore and discover what works best for them, instead of dictating how they will do things. It is also important that teachers are aware of the great number of theories that exist in regards to classroom and more specifically, behaviour management. I believe that it is detrimental for a teacher to adopt one philosophy without ever considering the numerous other possibilities. In my opinion all of the theorists have a number of positive ideas that can be introduced into the classroom in order to create an optimal learning environment. In developing my philosophy on teaching and learning I have incorporated the philosophies of Jones, Rogers and Gootman. Fredrick Jones developed the Classroom Management Training Program which includes three clusters: body language, incentive systems and providing efficient help. I am not in favor of using tangible rewards for the whole class. A number of children on behavior modification programs use some type of tick or sticker system in which there is an arrangement between teacher, parent and student. I do believe that children need to be encouraged and rewarded, but praise, gestures or free time are often times more satisfying than any toy or treat. It is my belief that children should be taught in an environment that makes them want to learn more. They should be excited about acquiring new skills and learning about things they are interested in. I am going to focus on being creative and providing my students with such an environment. I am most interested in the Jones model because it focuses on helping students support their own self control. The use of body language allows this method to be minimally intrusive. It forces the student to realize what they are doing and change their behavior without being directly instructed to do so. Marilyn Gootman (1997) introduced the theory of Caring Teacher Discipline. Caring Teacher Discipline suggests that by setting limits, giving students responsibility, helping develop self-confidence in students and teaching children how to make good judgments and solve problems as well as correcting misbehaviour that children can be taught to do the right thing (Gootman, 1997). I am attracted to this theory because it focuses on the importance of communication between student and teacher and developing a feeling of self-worth within the students. It also offers an opportunity to teach children self-discipline. The students are guided and encouraged as they develop individual identities and gain the ability to decide for themselves what behaviour is acceptable and what is not. If children feel safe and confident in who they are, they will be less afraid of failure and more curious, resulting in an enhanced learning experience.
Bill Rogers¡¦ theory focuses on behaviour management and the development of rules, rights, responsibilities and routines in the classroom. Rogers¡¦ work is based on the idea that behaviour management requires as much planning as lessons and curriculum do. Rogers¡¦ suggests that discipline can be separated into three categories, preventative, corrective and supportive. When discipline is necessary Rogers suggests using...