They are ways we try to organize and understand experiences. They are a basic unit of intelligent behavior.
They develop from a result of an experience, and are used during base of action. When new schema are created, it creates equilibrium.
This is taking in pieces of the environment and reacting to them. This happens when new schemata are formed.
This is existing schemata develop.
Without this, there would be no mental growth
It creates equilibrium.
This is balance.
It is created after accommodation, but it gone after something new is experienced. Wanting this makes humans want to understand the world and their surroundings.
This happens when we experience something new and the equilibrium is broken.
The ability to identify the difference between self and the world.
The ability to understand that something remains the same even though it has been transformed in appearance.
Thinking through certain kinds of problems. Ex: Paul is bigger than George, but Henry is smaller than George. Who is the tallest? This requires good memory skill.
Stages of Development
1.Sensory-Motor Stage (0-2 years)
This is the action stage. A baby thinks through actions and the senses. They find out what can be grasped, what can be sucked, and different things like that. They can’t identify what is self and what is the rest of the world. In this stage at about 10 months, when something goes out of sight, it does not exist. Attachment occurs around 6-7 months. This is why babies cry when they can’t see their mother because they are attached to her, but they think she doesn’t exist because they haven’t understood that objects exist out of their sight.
2. Pre-Operational Stage (2-6 years)
This stage is dominated by what it sees instead of common sense...