Thesis statement: The role of religious instruction in our moral education syllabus is vital to the preservation of Christianity and its principles within Barbadian society.
What is moral development?
We can describe moral development as the process of learning to distinguish between right and wrong in accordance with the cultural values. It has evolved out of cognitive development and psychoanalytic studies and theories. Freud stated that the child learns from the same sex parent during the phallic stage. The super ego or moral judgement is formed when the child adheres to the guideline of the same sex parent. The super-ego has two dimensions called conscience and ego ideal. The conscience identifies itself with children who do not do bad things, while the ego ideal concentrates on things, which good behaved children do. So we can safely say that when a child does something wrong he/she already knows within themselves that they have done wrong and are punishable.
Erickson almost shared the same view with Freud except that Erickson believed that the child learns moral rules from both of the parents while Freud believed only form the parent of the same sex of the child. Now in the Caribbean, children learn moral values from both parents so Erickson's theory is more prevalent.
Some Caribbean researchers have said that the child develops the feelings of shame, guilt and pride before the age of six. They said a child would be ashamed of an act that they know s punishable. In the Caribbean, the parenting style must play a critical role for the idea of teaching moral development in the school environment, that is, if a parent installs good values in a child at an early age by the time it reaches the school atmosphere, the teacher has a good stable foundation to build on and if there is no foundation to build on, then the teacher almost practically ignores this particular child since the teacher will have to constantly stop there proceedings to accommodate this student and because of that situation the whole class is at a disadvantage because there are behind in their school work. It is a must for parents and teachers to work together to identify children's weaknesses and improve so as to install good moral development traits so the child can develop efficient skills in order to survive by making sensible moral judgements.
Also in the Caribbean, there is a special day that allows parents to come to the school institution and chat with the teacher about their children and they discuss the child's work, development, attention span towards work, respect towards teachers and school property and how they socialize with their peers. All these factors are supposed to be analyzed carefully in order to determine if the child developing morals are of high standard.
Presently all Caribbean schools are multicultural and the religions are diversified. Schools desperately try to maintain the teachings of moral development. while not encroaching on religious cultures. It is customary in most Caribbean schools that there is morning assembly and prayers throughout the day and this poses a problem for some cultures for example, Rastafarians believe that they should have a special school within the society to teach Rastafarian knowledge because they believe that their children's morals and beliefs are not being respected and they insist that their children be excused from these religious customs, due to their own religious beliefs.
When we look at certain Caribbean islands like Jamaica, Barbados, Guyana and some other territories have different customs and in relation to moral...