* The aim of this lesson is to learn about the different methods used in teaching and varying ways of practicing a new skill (Equivalent to UK A Level Physical Education)During lessons and training sessions, the teacher or coach must provide guidance to the athletes to ensure they learn effectively. To do this the demonstration and practice of the new skill will be manipulated by the coach to best suit the individual, skill and situation. There are four parts to teaching a new skill: 1. Instructing - instructions must be given for them to complete the task or skill. These may be written or verbal. The teacher must ensure the student knows what is required of them 2. Demonstrating - The teacher may provide a demonstration of the skill or may get a peer to perform it. It is key that this is a good demonstration to allow the student to form a model in their memory and mentally rehearse the skill to be performed 3. Applying - The student then practises the skill in a planned situation to help them transfer the learning from practise to a competitive situation 4. Confirming - This is all about feedback and providing information for the student about how successful they have been. Testing or assessing the skill allows the teacher and the student to evaluate performance. Types of Practice There are four types of practice which can all be used in different situations and dependant on the skill being learned: 1. Fixed practice - These are sometimes also known as drills and involves repeatedly practising a whole skill in order to strengthen the motor programme. This type of practice is best with discrete, closed skills 2. Massed practice - This is a continuous form of practice which is best for simple skills. An example would be a rally in badminton where the learner must repeatedly perform drop shots. This causes fatigue and therefore simulates the late stages of a game 3. Variable practice - This is used best for open skills...
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