Teaching English Vocabulary Through Pictures for Young Learners

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Teaching English Vocabulary through Pictures for Young Learners

INTRODUCTION

1.1 Background
All languages consist of words. Languages emerge first as words, both historically, and in terms of the way each of us learned our first and any subsequent languages. Vocabulary plays an important role because it appears in every language skills. Mastering vocabulary is very important for the students who learn English as a foreign language. It is because vocabulary is a key to young learners understanding what they hear and read in school, to communicating successfully with other people and a person may be judged by others based on his or her vocabulary. There are many advantages of mastering vocabulary. The important thing that we can get from learning vocabulary is learning fast. The other advantages are improve public speaking and easy to read English text.

Nowadays, many university students can not understand English. Whereas, in the university, there are a lot of teaching materials that use English. This will hamper them in studying the science they are studying. From the experiences, many people said that learning English is difficult and the lesson makes them bored. This is not at all interesting for their first impression, but unfortunately, they did not enjoy it and felt oppressed. It makes them did not like English anymore and always felt oppressed everytime they learn English. They must have strong foundation for their future. As we know that English is very important for everything. If they do not have strong base, they may be difficult to understand English in the future and for their learning in university. As I conclude that learning English for young learners is very important, we have to focus on base of the children learning English. And I think teaching English vocabulary through pictures for young learners is one of the strategy to make funny learning and their first impression for learning English is good.

1.2 Theoretical Framework
“Vocabulary is a core component of language proficiency and provides much of the basis for how well learners speak, listen, read, and write.” (Jack, 2002:255). Why use pictures? “It is because verbal language is only a part of the way we usually get meaning from contexts. Thing we see play an enormous part in affecting us and giving us information.” (Andrew, 2009:5). Deduce and infer, not only from what we hear and read but from what we see around us and from what we remember having seen. “Pictures are not just an aspect of method but through their representation of places, objects and people they are an essential part of the overall experiences we must help our students to cope with.” (Andrew, 2009:5).

Vocabulary can be defined, roughly, as the words we teach in the foreign language. However, a new item of vocabulary may be more than just a single word: for example, post office, and mother-in-law, which are made up of two or three words but express a single idea. A useful convention is to cover all such cases by talking about vocabulary items rather than words.

All languages consist of words. Languages emerge first as words, both historically, and in terms of the way each of us learned our first and any subsequent languages. Vocabulary plays an important role because it appears in every language skills. Vocabulary building is really important in any language learning. Everybody who learns a language as a foreign language is hoped to know and master the vocabulary to improve the language skills. Vocabulary becomes a major problem in learning English, teachers emphasizes on this matter earlier. In teaching vocabulary, generally the teacher teach new words taken from reading text. It means that she integrates vocabulary with reading. This integration will lead to integrative lesson plan.

Why use pictures? It is because verbal language is only a part of the way we usually get meaning from contexts. Thing we see play an enormous part in affecting us...
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