Teaching is a complex process which brings socially desirable behavioural change in a person. Teaching is a part of teaching-learning process. It is required to bring certain changes in a person according to the need of his society and environment in which he is living.
'Teaching is not an act as it is dynamic in nature so it is termed as process. It is also not a fundamental concept as it is greatly influenced by social and human factors. Teaching is both art and science. It is an activity involving teacher and student with a view to the development of student.
The main aim of teaching is to bring about socially desirable behavioural changes in the students and can be achieved only if teaching is effective and based on certain values or principles.
Teaching is one of the main parts of the teaching-learning system. So effective teaching is mostly depending on the teacher. It is a common fact that a good teacher is born and not made.
Training and research can make a good teacher better and a better teacher best. Teacher should follow various methods of teaching devised from time to time. A teacher encourages the practice of thinking among students. Teacher should give to the students the freedom and opportunity to express their ideas. .
Teaching is required to give education to the students. Education may be defined as the process of drawing out least in an individual. We can define education as "the aggregate of all processes by means of which a person develops attributes, attitudes and other forms of behaviour of positive value in the society in 'which he lives".
We can also define it as "the 'social process by which people are subjecte to the influence of a selected and controlled environment, so that they may attain social competence and optimum individual development" .
The complete process of education must contain four common factors (i) Educator(teacher)
(ii) Educand (Student)
(iii) the subject matter
(iv) the context (setting).
Now, education is the process of developing some abilities in an individual. Though abilities are in born quality, it is also a fact that these can be nurtured and developed in an education through various means by an educator.
Education must also be relevant and useful to the society in which educand has to live. Since every individual is unique in their own way, the educator has to adopt strategies and methods suitable to individual needs.
The educational productivity (rate of efficiency of work) can be classified as qualitative and quantitative. For better education both qualitative and quantitative productivity is required. Quality means here the excellence in the part of textbook, teachers , students, facilities and other teaching aids where as quantity refers the number of teachers, institutions, professionals, etc.
Education and teaching are interrelated. Education is a complex social cultural and ethical process designed in a social or cultural content. It is related with social structures, cultural environments, values, and ideas of people, society and government. All these factors are dynamic in nature. So teaching is also a dynamic process and its definition changes according to place and t ime .
Morrison defines it as a disciplined social process in which teacher influences the behaviours of the less experienced pupil and helps him develop according to the needs and ideas ofthe society.
Smith termed it as an organised system of worker. He/she must have proper guts to lead specific activities aimed to help the learner learn by an example at a
superior levels he is the something. leader of his pupil. He/she has to exercise an analytical approach makes it clear that neccesary influence for bringing the desired neither of the definition fulfils the purpose. modification in behaviour.
A good definition of teaching should Teacher works to change the behaviour of (i) Tell whether teaching is a...