Teaching Approach

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In Communication, Language and Literacy class, I learn a lot of theories about the approaches to teach children language. Famous theorists such as BF Skinner, Noam Chomsky, Jean Piaget, Ivan Pavlov, Howard Gardner and Vygotsky were introduced. Two theories: behaviourism and constructivism have influence me. Constructivism is a view of learning based on the belief that knowledge isn't a thing that can be simply given by the teacher at the front of the room to students. While, behaviourism focused on people’s behaviour and stimulus response. As we know, children learn through imitation, reinforcement, analogy and similar process. Two different types of conditioning are described in behaviourist method of learning which are classical conditioning and operant conditioning. In this term paper, I would like to discuss about BF Skinner’s operant conditioning theory. I believe that one of my teachers at primary school applied this theory in her teaching. Inspired by BF Skinner and my teacher, I would like to use positive reinforcement as my own teaching approach when I become a teacher.


According to Dr. C. George Boeree, Burrhus Fredric Skinner or BF Skinner was born on March 20, 1904 in the small Pennsylvania town of Susquehanna (Boeree, G: 2006). BF Skinner’s father was a lawyer while his mother was a strong and intelligent housewife. At his young age, he was an active boy who always loved doing outdoors and building things. He also always enjoys his school. BF Skinner received his BA in English from Hamilton College in upstate New York. He was a passive guy because he did not enjoying parties or football games, but he loved to write. He wrote for school paper, including articles critical of the school, the faculty, and even Phi Beta Kappa. After his graduation, he spent a year at his parents’ home in Scranton attempting to be a writer of...