INFORMATIONAL PACKAGE ON
-2DISCUSSION METHOD The discussion method is one in which the students and the instructor exchange their ideas in order to get a better understanding of a topic. It can be a whole period or be a part of a lesson. The discussion method, when used properly, is a good way to stimulate thinking on the part of the student. It can be used to advantage when the students have a background knowledge of the subject being discussed. The instructor should prompt everyone to take part, thus allowing the students the opportunity to learn from everyone in the group. The discussion method is interaction centered and can be teacher or student centered, and can be held in either a large or small group. Interaction techniques capitalize on the human desire to talk and share one’s thoughts. Personal activity permits greater involvement in the lesson. Advantages and Special Used of the Discussion Method 1. Expands the cognitive and affective domains of students. 2. Can be used to solve problems and develop interest in the topic. 3. Emphasizes main teaching points. 4. Utilizes student knowledge and ideas. 5. Results in more permanent learning because of the high degree of student involvement. 6. Determine student understanding and progress. 7. Everyone has a chance to get involved. 8. Teaches how to come to an agreement within a group without arguing. 9. Permits students are teacher to get acquainted. Limitations of the Discussion Method 1. Tend to get off topic if the instructor doesn’t continually redirect ideas. 2. More informed and eager pupils tend to monopolize the discussion. 3. Not suitable for presenting information for the first time. 4. Not very effective in describing procedures or breakdown of a component.
5. Content is limited and the method is time consuming. 6. It restricts the size of groups. 7. The larger the groups the more difficult it is to guide the discussion. 8. Knowledge of the group.
Preparing for a Discussion Planning for a lesson wherein you intend to use the GUIDED discussion method is basically the same as planning for a lesson using the lecture method. Generally, before you decide to use the guided discussion, you must consider the objectives rather carefully. You must also consider your students to determine whether they have the knowledge required to exchange and build on to arrive at an achievement of your objectives. As with any lesson, your first step is to establish specific, student-centered, behavioral objectives. Once you have planned your objective and some way of evaluating achievement, you may find it necessary to do some personal research. The discussion leader must be very well informed about the objectives. Organize your main teaching points and your subordinate points in logical sequence and plan at least one lead-off question per teaching point. It is also wise to anticipate some of the material you will get from your students and plan follow-up questions for areas where you feel difficulties could arise. Leading the Discussion Careful planning makes presentation relatively straightforward. The introduction to the guided discussion lesson is standard, having only the added responsibility on your part to try to create the atmosphere necessary to good discussion. As part of the motivation, you can remind the students that it is their responsibility to contribute. During the “presentation” – the actual discussion itself – questions are the key. These must be planned and organized carefully for continuity, direction and control. The nature of the questions you plan will be determined by the objectives. Avoid questions that ask for only short answers the “who” or “when” type. Ask broad question, the “why” or “how” type. You must be prepared to guide the discussion along any track, so long as the discussion still remains profitable in view of your objectives....