Differences between teacher-centered and student-centered approaches in the teaching and learning process
Every teacher has different styles of teaching. Some are using teacher-centered approach and others are using student-centered approach. Teacher-centered approach is where knowledge is delivered from teacher to students in an autocratic style, while in students-centered approach; students actively collaborate and discover knowledge under the teacher’s guidance. There are some major differences between teacher-centered and student-centered. The first difference between students-centered and teacher-centered is their knowledge direction. In teacher-centered class, students are passively received information from the teacher who is the primary source of knowledge (Mayflor, 2011; Huba & Freed, 2000). Most of the time this will be done by letting students note from teacher’s presentation. Student-centered, on the other hand, knowledge is comes from the collaborative of teacher and students. This will be done under the teacher’s guideline. Students have more chance to use their skills to solve problem and gain more experiences (Mayflor, 2011).
Assessment approach is the second difference between the two approaches. In teacher-centered approach, because the teacher is the main source of knowledge, there are only right and wrong answers. Teacher will choose assessment tools that clearly define one answer from the other answers. The assessment function is to monitor the development in student’s academic progress. This is the reason why teacher need to record the students’ tests result. In contrast, the students-centered approach letting students to creating better questions and learning from the mistakes. Moreover, the result of the test is being used as a tool to find students’ weak points in that subject. It will help teacher to understand student’s problems and to encourage better learning in students (Mayflor, 2011). After that, the third difference is...
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