Tea Product Export from India

Topics: Tea, Black tea, Camellia sinensis Pages: 4 (1188 words) Published: October 12, 2012
History of tea in India

The cultivation and brewing of tea in India has a long history of applications in traditional systems of medicine and for consumption. However, commercial production of tea in India did not begin until the arrival of the British East India Company, at which point large tracts of land were converted for mass tea production.

Today, India is one of the largest tea producers in the world, though over 70% of the tea is consumed within India itself. A number of renowned teas, such as Assam and Darjeeling, also grow exclusively in India. The Indian tea industry has grown to own many global tea brands, and has evolved to one of the most technologically equipped tea industries in the world. Tea production, certification, exportation, and all other facets of the tea trade in India is controlled by the Tea Board of India.

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Ancient India and the Ramayana

Tea cultivation in India has somewhat ambiguous origins. Though the extent of the popularity of tea in Ancient India is unknown, it is known that the tea plant was a wild plant in north east India that was indeed brewed by local inhabitants of the region. The Singpho and Khamti tribes living in northern Burma and Arunachal Pradesh have stated that they have been consuming tea since the 12th century.

Some cite that the first recorded reference to tea in India was in the ancient epic of the Ramayana, which referenced the "Sanjeevani tea" plant when Hanuman was sent to the Himalayas to bring it for medicinal use. However, studies have shown that Sanjeevani plant was likely a plant unrelated to the tea plant (Camellia sinensis) and more likely refers to either Selaginella bryopteris or Desmotrichum fimbriatum.

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