TEA INDUSTRY IN INDIA
Snehal Zarekar Abm09024
Tea Industry in India , IIML
LETTER OF TRANSMITTAL
Prof. M.K. Awasthi
Professor) Indian Institute of Management Lucknow, India Sir, enclosed is the project report on “Tea Industry in India”, which you authorized me to prepare for Agribusiness environment Course in Term 3. Sincerely Yours, Ms. Snehal Zarekar Abm09024
TEA INDUSTRY IN INDIA
Introduction Different types of tea Prominent regions growing tea in India Production of tea SWOT Analysis of Indian tea industry Tea Industry and its Crisis Ethical Tea Partnership Environmental and energy issues in tea industries Environment pollution-Tea Industry Pollutants from Tea industry Meeting challenges of the tea industry Indian tea markets Tea Exports from India Exports Share from South and North India Trend of Export to Various Destinations: Major Determinant Factors of Export from India
Tea isn’t simply tea in India but it is like a staple beverage here and a day without it is impossible and incomplete. Indians prefer their steaming of tea because for them it acts as an energy booster and is simply indispensable. It has a lot of health benefits too as its antioxidants help to eliminate toxins and free radicals, from blood. Originally tea is indigenous to the Eastern and Northern parts of India, but it has expanded and grown tremendously over the years, making India the largest grower and producer of tea in the world. It accounts for 31% of the global production of tea. The total turnover of this industry is roughly Rs.10, 000 corers. Since 1947, the tea production in India has increased by 250% and the land are used for production has increased by 40%. Different Types of Tea All the tea that we drink comes from the Camellia Sinensis plant. There are three different varieties of tea in the world the three main varieties are the India the China and the hybrid tea respectively. From these the different types of tea like the green, black, white and herbal tea and oolong tea are prepared.
Fig: Different types of tea. There are variety of tea offered in India; from Green Tea to CTC tea to the aromatic Darjeeling tea and the strong Assamese tea.Indians take a lot of pride in their tea industry because of the preeminence of the industry as a significant earner of foreign exchange and a significant contributor to India’s GNP.
Prominent regions growing tea The three prominent tea-growing regions in India are Darjeeling, Assam and Nilgiri. While Darjeeling and Assam are located in the Northeast regions, while Nilgiri is a part of the southern region of the country.The process starts with the plucking of tea leaves in the tea estates by women employees carrying a basket over the head and ends with the production of the ultimate tea. Production of tea There are mainly two ways of producing tea in India 1.CTC production 2. Orthodox production. CTC is an acronym for crush, curl and tear. The tea produced by this method is mostly used in tea bags. The production method consists of five stages, rolling, withering, fermentation, and drying finally storing. It is not always possible to compare the two varieties because their quality depends on factors such as rainfall, soil, wind and the method of plucking of tea leaves and both possess a unique charm of their own.
Fig: Production of tea
SWOT Analysis of Indian tea industry Strengths 1) The agro‐climatic conditions prevailing in the tea growing areas of India lend themselves to the production of a wide range of teas – black, green teas and organic teas. 2) Strong production base with 75 per cent of the production being by organised sector covering 1,600 gardens owned by 1,100 entities. 4) Competent managerial manpower. 5) Strong research backing from well established research institutions. 6) Availability of modernised and upgraded manufacturing...