Tda2.1 Child and Young Person Development

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TDA 2.1
Child and young person development

TDA 2.1 Child and young person development.
1.1 Describe expected pattern of children and young people’s development from birth to 19 years. Birth to one year
New-born babies can:
* see faces as fuzzy shapes
* grasp an object that has touched the palm of their hand * turn their head to look for a nipple or teat if their cheek is touched * suck and swallow
* try to make stepping movements if they are held upright with their feet on a firm surface * startle in response to a sudden sound or bright light
* stretch their arms suddenly and then bring them in if they feel they are falling * recognise their mother’s voice and smell
* cry when they are hungry, in pain, need feeding, changing or just cuddling. One to three years
By their first birthday, babies can:
* move around, either by crawling or shuffling or some may be standing with support and a small number walking alone * sit up alone and feed themselves, at least with their fingers * use their hands skilfully to move and arrange objects including dropping things on the floor and looking to see where they are * wave ‘bye bye’ and point at things with their fingers * communicate by babbling and saying two syllable words like ‘dada’ * understand the world around them

* know who their main carers are and cry if they are left with someone they do not know. Third birthday
By their third birthday, children can:
* run, climb and pedal a tricycle
* walk upstairs on alternate feet and walk on tiptoe
* use the toilet alone
* talk clearly so anyone can understand them
* tell the difference between boys and girls
* sometimes play co-operatively with other children
* build a tower of nine bricks and build a bridge with bricks * undo buttons and thread beads
* enjoy playing with role play toys and dressing up
* enjoy books
* enjoy painting and may do ‘pretend’ writing
* have fewer temper tantrums (that started when she was about 18 months) * enjoy copying and helping adults
Seventh birthday
By their seventh birthday, children can:
* throw, kick and control a ball, hop and ride a bicycle
* use their hands to thread, use scissors well, build models and write clearly * draw with meaning and detail
* take turns and play co-operatively with friends
* tell jokes and enjoy conversations
* start to understand rules
* be frightened of fictitious things like ghosts
* read and enjoy books
* dress themselves easily
* have a best friend
* worry about not being liked.
Twelfth birthday
By their twelfth birthday, children can:
* solve problems
* enjoy responsibility
* have a keen interest in hobbies
* use good co-ordination skills
* tell you what they are good at
* start to see physical changes in their body
* start to argue with their parents
* Seem very grown up but also very childish at times.
Sixteenth birthday
By their sixteenth birthday a young adult can:
* have an adult body
* have high level of skills in some areas, for example drawing or computing * enjoy their friends’ company more than that of their family * develop their own identity, tastes in music, clothes

* have mood swings
* feel very anxious at times
* be very confident with friends
* Leave school and get married.

1.2 Describe with examples how different aspects of development can affect one another. Development is the gaining of skills in all aspects of the child’s life. The different types of development are often split into four areas: Physical development: this refers to the body increasing in skill and performance and includes: * gross motor development (using large muscles), for example legs and arms * fine motor development (precise use of muscles), for example hands and fingers. Social and emotional...
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