1.1 Compare and contrast the roles of the teacher and the learning support practitioner in assessment of learners’ achievements.
The class teachers’ main role is to monitor and assess pupils’ achievement. They need to be aware of the progression made by all the children in their class and be able to report back to both the parents and other staff. As a Teaching assistant my main role is to support the class teacher whilst this ongoing assessment of pupils takes place. The teacher can measure the progress of each pupil by carrying out lessons and setting the children clear objectives. At the start of each lesson so that the children are clear about the objectives the class teacher writes a “WALT” on the board. This stands for WE ARE LEARNING TODAY. From this both the children and myself are clear about what we are learning.
1.2 Summarise the difference between formative and summative assessment. The table below gives a brief and general summary of the differences between formative and summative assessment. | Formative | Summative | Why? Purpose | used as feedback to improve the process of learning | used to measure the learning that has taken place | Report
To whom? | the learner receives feedback | feedback is often in the form of a report to a third party e.g. the Head of Department or parent | When? | this generally happens during the learning process | this generally tends to be the final assessment after the learning process and is normally linked to rewards (pass or fail) | How? Examples| In the classroom:
1. An educator assesses a team exercise and intervenes after discovering that some members are being left out. The result is that the team functions better.
2. A teacher marks an essay and gives comments and advice. The student re-writes the essay in response to the comments before being finally assessed. Everyday example: TV programme popularity ratings (if programmes are rated poorly they know they must improve) | In the classroom: Learners write exams at the end of the year to determine who passes and who fails Everyday example: Oscar awards for actors (the little Oscar statue is the reward for excellent performance) |
A formative assessment is an ongoing assessment used to inform instruction. The frequency is not defined, so it might be weekly or quarterly. Also the type of measure used is not defined, so long as the information is helpful for the teacher in making adjustments to instruction in an ongoing manner. It could be as simple as classroom observations, a fluency test, or a full diagnostic assessment. A summative assessment is given at pre-determined intervals. It could range from a state assessment to a benchmark test, or an end-of-unit test. It specifically is testing the knowledge that a student should have mastered by a particular point in time. A summative assessment is used for accountability.
1.3 Explain the characteristics of assessment for learning.
Below I have listed the characteristics of Assessment for Learning: * Sharing learning goals with pupils
* Helping pupils know the standards they are aiming for
* Providing feedback that helps pupils to identify improvement * Believing that every pupil can improve in comparison with previous achievements * Both the teacher & the pupil reflecting on pupils’ performance * Pupils learning self-assessment techniques to discover areas for improvement * Recognising that motivation & self-esteem, crucial for effective learning & progress, can be increased by effective assessment techniques
In the school I am a TA in, assessment for learning is practiced. The students know at the outset of a unit of study what they are expected to learn. At the beginning of the unit, the teacher will work with the student to understand what she or he already knows about the topic as well as to identify any gaps or...