-3.1 Identify the characteristics of different types of child abuse. There are four categories of abuse: - Physical, Neglect, Emotional and sexual. Physical Abuse
Physical abuse is the intentional deliberate use of physical force or violence to hurt or injure a child. It may include slapping, punching, pulling hair, hitting, beating with objects, burning with cigarettes/cooker rings, scalding, shaking, biting, squeezing, cutting, throwing, poisoning, attempting to suffocate/drown or giving inappropriate drugs/alcohol. Some of the signs and symptoms of physical abuse are bruises in places that would not be associated with a child falling over accidentally, these may happen frequently. They maybe finger marks from being grabbed, burns these may be obvious marks from a cigarette being held against a child’s skin or obvious circular burns from a cooker ring. There may be fractures to bones or other injuries to the child that the parent are neglected and not getting then appropriate medical attention that the child needs. The child may not be able to move limbs if they are fractured or if they are badly bruised. There may be bite marks or cuts on the child or marks showing the outline of an object such as a belt that the child has been hit with. There may be signs of a brain injury if a child has been shaken especially with babies or smaller children. They may have a torn frenulum from having things forced into their mouths. The child may have problems with weight loss and may find it difficult to gain weight; they may have bald patches on their head from having their hair pulled. Some other more behavioural signs of physical abuse are withdrawn behaviour; a child may withdraw from physical contact and may flinch when approached or touched. They may also withdraw from close relationships. They may become more aggressive and display a lot of self-destructive behaviour. They may become apprehensive when others cry as they associate crying with the physical abuse that...
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