Tda 2.2 Safeguarding

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Michelle Peat

TDA 2.2 Safeguarding

In England the law states that all practitioners working with children have a duty to safeguard and promote the welfare of children and young people in accordance with the Children Act 1989 and the Children Act 2004. It is important that everyone working with children fully understand their responsibilities and duties as set out in this legislation which addresses all areas of child care. The term safeguarding has replaced the term child protection and includes promoting children’s safety and welfare as well as protecting children when abuse happens. Promoting welfare has a wider, more positive approach to create opportunities to enable children to have optimum life chances as well as ensuring they are growing up in circumstances consistent with the provision of safe and effective care. The concept of safeguarding has only been developed in the last 50 years. Legislation has been improved in this time due to high profile cases such as the death of Maria Colwell in 1973 and Victoria Climbie in 2000 which highlighted the fact that there were serious weaknesses in procedures.

The Children’s Act 1989 which was implemented in October 1991introduced extensive changes to legislation in England and Wales affecting the welfare of children. This act aimed to ensure that the welfare of the child was paramount, working in partnership with parents and authorities to protect the child from harm. The Act also intended to strengthen the child’s legal position, to give them equal rights, feelings and wishes. Children have the ability now to be parties, separate from their parents, in legal proceedings. A central change introduced by the Children’s Act 1989 was the substitution of the concept of parental responsibility for that of parental rights The Act defines parental responsibility as ‘all the rights, duties, powers, responsibilities and authority which by law a parent of a child has in relation to the child and his property’....
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