Tda 2.2 3.1-3.3

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T.D.A 2.2 Safeguarding the welfare of children and young people

3.1 *identify the characteristics of different types of child abuse

Abuse, harm or bullying of children and young people can take many forms. Sometimes more than one form of abuse is experienced at the same time for example a child may be physically abused as well as neglected.

Shown below is a table with examples and characteristics of abuse –

|FORM OF ABUSE |CHARACTERISTICS |SIGNS | |PHYSICAL |*hitting/kicking/throwing |*bruises/burns | | |*beaten with objects |*not wanting to get changed for P.E | | |*being burnt or scolded |*heavy clothing or wearing lots of layers | | | |(to hide marks) | |SEXUAL |*viewing porn |*self-harm | | |*touching private parts |*personality changes | | |*acts of penetration |*inappropriate sexual behaviours | | | |*medical problems (urine infection) | |EMOTIONAL |*undervalued/bullied |*becoming withdrawn | | |*shouting |*under-confident | | |*negative criticism |*nervous behaviour | | |*showing no affection | | |NEGLECT |*not providing- |*tiredness | | |warmth |*hungry | | |adequate food |*frequent illness | | |medical care |*not growing or gaining weight | | |education | |

T.D.A 2.2 Safeguarding the welfare of children and young people

3.2 *describe the risks and possible consequences for children and young people using the internet, mobile phones and other technologies

There are many risks that children and young people may be exposed to whilst using modern technology. The internet can also be accessed through mobile phones as well these days so it is made easier to receive more messages and images.

Risks when using the internet –

*giving out personal information (at risk from building ‘friendships’ with other children who turn out to be adults (grooming) *accessing inappropriate info (often accidentally when innocent words are entered into search engine) *taking or receiving photos over the internet which could lead to them being exploited by another person or adult

Risks from text messaging –

*unwelcome texts that are threatening or cause discomfort
*images sent to make the victim feel embarrassed or threatened

Risks from mobile phone calls –

*silent/abusive calls
*stealing the victim phone and using it to harass others to make them believe that the victim is responsible

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