2.1 The signs and symptoms of common childhood illness
For information and a list, the following is taken from
Illness| Symptoms| Causes| Incubation period|
Chicken poxChickenpox is a mild and common childhood illness that most children catch at some point. | Rash of red, itchy spots that turn into fluid-filled blisters. They then crust over to form scabs, which eventually drop off.It takes seven to 21 days for the symptoms to show after you have come into contact with the virus. This is called the ‘incubation period’.| It's a very contagious infection.The chickenpox virus is spread in the same ways as colds as flu.| A child with chickenpox is most infectious from one to two days before the rash appears until all the blisters have crusted over. This usually takes five to six days from the start of the rash.Contact your GP if you are pregnant or child is less than four weeks old.| MumpsMumps is a contagious viral infection that used to be common in children.| Usually recognised by the painful swellings located at the side of the face under the ears (the parotid glands), giving a person with mumps a distinctive "hamster face" appearance. Other symptoms include headache, joint pain and a high temperature.| ‘Mumps is caused by the mumps virus, which belongs to a family of viruses known as paramyxoviruses. Paramyxoviruses are a common source of infection, particularly in children’Taken from http://www.nhs.uk/ConditionsMumps is an airborne virus that is easily spread in the same way as colds and flu| There are currently no anti-viral medications that can be used to treat mumps. Treatment is focused on relieving symptoms until your body’s immune system manages to fight off the infection.Lots of fluids, bed rest and over the counter painkillers are advised| Slapped cheek syndrome Slapped cheek syndrome (also known as “fifth disease”) is a type of viral infection that is most common in children, although it can affect anyone of any age.| The most common symptom of slapped cheek syndrome is the appearance of a distinctive bright red rash on the cheeks. This is how the condition got its name. Symptoms such as headaches, high temperature or itchy skin can usually be treatedwith over-the-counter medications such as paracetamol and antihistamines| It is an airborne virus that is spread in the same way as the cold or flu viruses.It's very difficult to prevent the spread of the virus as people are most contagious before their symptoms begin, so they are unaware that they are infected | Most children will not need treatment, as slapped cheek syndrome is usually a very mild condition that passes in a few days. Occasionally it can last up to four or five weeks.. | Tonsillitis Tonsillitis is inflammation of the tonsils. It is a common type of infection in children.| * Sore throat that can feel worse when swallowing * High temperature (fever) over 38°C (100.4°F) * Coughing * Headache | Tonsillitis is spread in the same ways as colds and flu.Usually due to a viral infection or, less commonly, a bacterial infection..| There is no specific treatment for tonsillitis. Usually the immune system will clear the infection within a few days.You should see your GP if symptoms take longer than 3-4 days to clear up.| RicketsRickets is a condition that affects bone development in children. | It causes the bones to become soft and malformed, which can lead to bone deformities.| Rickets usually occurs because of a lack of vitamin D or calcium. It can also be caused by a genetic defect or another health condition.| Your GP will advise you about how much vitamin D and calcium your child will need to take. This will depend on their age and the cause of the rickets. It is not contagious.| Hand foot and mouthIs a type of viral infection that is most common in young children.| Cold-like symptoms such as loss of appetite, cough and...