Main stages of a child or young persons development.
Children and young people’s development from birth to 19 consist of three main aspects of development. • Physical development.
• Communication and intellectual development.
• Social, emotional and behavioural development.
Children need to master a lot of different types of movements as they grow and these can be broken down into three further categories which consist of gross motor movements or otherwise known as large movements, for example being able to control head, arms and legs. Secondly, locomotive movements or otherwise known as moving and balancing for example being able to walk, jump and move around and lastly, fine motor movements, fine movements, being able to control their heads and making their hands and eyes work together.
Communication and Intellectual Development
Children need to communicate, this is by learning to talk and understanding others, also part of this development is mastering the ability to think and to work things out.
Social, Emotional and Behavioural Development
This type of development is how children learn to play and interact with others also to have the ability to express their feelings and master control of their behaviour. Here is a table to show some of the expected time frames and examples of development from birth to 19. | |Newborn |6 months |1 year |2 years | |Physical Development |Reflexes, for example swallowing,|Sitting up with support. |Very mobile, Can crawl very |Running and Climbing. | | |sucking, grasping and rooting. |Reaching and grabbing for |quickly. |Building bricks. | | |Unsettled. |objects. |Try to stand up by holding onto|Able to complete simple | | | |Exploring objects with hands and|things. |jigsaws. | | | |mouth. |Able to touch, move and |Play on sit and ride toys | | | |Try feeding themselves. |organise objects with skill. | | | | |Pushing themselves up. | | | | | |More settled. | | | |Communication & Intellectual|Crying. |Enjoyment of simple games. |Waving bye-bye. |Point to pictures and is able | |Development |Looking around. |Curiosity, always looking around|Understands more of what’s |to recognise familiar objects | | |Reacting to sounds. |to see what’s happening. |going on around them. |and name them. | | | |Babbling and laughing. |Likes and dislikes of food. | | | | | |Long strings of babbling. | | |Social, emotional and |Close bond with primary carer, |Learnt difference between day |Repetition, enjoy doing things |Anger and frustration if | |behavioural development |generally mum. |and night. |over and over. |cannot get what they want. |...