Tda 2.1 Child and Young Person Development

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  • Topic: Reflexes, Play, Moro reflex
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TDA 2.1:

Child and Young Person Development

NEWBORN
Physical- Swallowing and sucking reflexes.
Rooting reflex
Gasp reflex
Startle reflex
Walking around and standing reflex
Falling reflex

Communication- Cry in order to communicate their needs. They also start to look around and reacts so sounds.

Social, emotional and behavioural- Babies and their primary carers, usually their mothers, begin to develop a strong, close bong from very early on. You might see that the baby at times started at the mother and the mother is very aware of her baby.

ONE MONTH
Physical- The reflexes will be stronger now than when they were born.

Communication- Times when a baby stops crying because he hears a familiar voice.

Social, emotional and behavioural- Stop crying as they are picked up, start crying when they are put down. – starting to relax at bath time or when their nappies are changed. – Fleeting smiles when asleep (smiles of contentment begin from 5 or 6 weeks) – Coos with contentment (from 5-6 weeks).

THREE MONTHS
Physical- Babies can lift and turn their heads and have interest in playing with fingers.

Communication- Excitement when it is time to be fed. – Start to notice mobiles and other objects around them.

Social, emotional and behavioural- Enjoyment of bath time. – Babies smile back when they see a smiling face.

SIX MONTHS
Physical- Exploring toys and objects in the mouth as well as with fingers. – Sitting up with support. – Rolling over from back to front.

Communication- Enjoyment when simple games such as pat-a-cake are repeated. – Curiosity as babies look to see what is happening around them. – Babbling, laughing and squealing.

Social, emotional and behavioural- Smiles of delight when they are playing with their primary carers. – Arms lifting up to show a parent that they want to be picked up.

NINE MONTHS
Physical- Crawling or rolling. – Sitting up without any support. – Using fingers to feed.

Communication- Tuneful strings of babbling. – Exploring objects using hands and also mouth.

Social, emotional and behavioural- Trying to stay nearby their parent or career.

TWELVE MONTHS
Physical- Standing up and holding onto furniture. – Small objects being picked up and handled.

Communication- Waving bye-bye. – Fingers pointing at objects to draw an adult’s attention to them. – Tuneful babbling that sounds like talking.

Social, emotional and behavioural- Repetitive play as the baby enjoys doing something over and over again. – Crying if they cannot see their parent or carer.

EIGHTEEN MONTHS
Physical- Walking up and down the stairs with adult help. – Sitting and pushing off with legs on sit-and-ride toys – Able to feed self with a spoon.

Communication- Points to pictures of familiar objects and names them.

Social, emotional and behavioural- Signs of temper and frustration. – Eagerness for independence. – Trying to feed themselves with a spoon. – Interest in other children. – Distress if not with people they know well.

TWO YEARS
Physical- Playing on sit and ride toys. – Running and climbing. – Building bricks – Doing simple jigsaw puzzles.

Communication- Points to pictures of familiar objects and names them.

Social, emotional and behavioural- Anger and frustration if they cannot do what they want to do. – Delight and happiness when they are enjoying something. – Keen to show things to adults.

TWO ½ YEARS
Physical- Pedalling a tricycle or pushing it along with feet. – Turning pages in books and pointing out objects.

Communication- Phrases such as ‘daddygone’ or ‘drinkno’ where two words are used.

Social, emotional and behavioural- Playing alongside other children and copying their actions. – Temper tantrums if they are frustrated.

THREE YEARS
Physical- Able to walk up the stairs on alternate feet. – Able to use the toilet.

Communication- Speech that adults unfamiliar with the child can understand. – Interested in mark marking,...
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