Tda 2.1 Child and Young People Development

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Learning outcome no. 1.1

Describe the expected pattern of children and young people’s development from birth to 19 years to include :

a. physical development

b. communication and intellectual development

c. social, emotional and behavioural development

| | |Communication and intellectual development |Social, emotional and behavioural development| |Age |Physical development | | | |0-3 years |When they are first born, the movements are |In the first year, communication is limited to |In the first year the baby begins to develop | | |dependent on a series of reflexes for |crying and squealing ,babbling ('bub-bub-bub' |a social smile, he cries when mum leaves, he | | |example: sucking, grasping. In their second |or 'da-da-da'), copying other people's actions |communicates with face and body. In the | | |year, they start to walk, they use their |(waving bye-bye), using their face to |second year he imitates the behaviour of | | |hands for pointing, holding and starting to |communicate (smiling, frowning), listening to |others, he is more excited about company of | | |dress and feed themselves. In the third year |sounds and voices and trying to respond or |other children, he demonstrates increasing | | |they have more control. By example they will |interact. In the second year they start to |independence. In the third year they want to | | |start to run,to do a lot of things |speak and after to put words together. During |know more about their own identities. Is the | | |themselves: to eat, to dress |the third year their vocabulary will increase |period when the child tends to be centrum, | | | |rapidly even they make errors in grammar |,,only me”. They are going to nursery in this| | | | |stage. | | | | | | |3-7 years |Children between these ages are more |During this period the speech becomes more |Children will still be developing their | | |confident with movement and have developed a |social, the children will use phrases and |identities and will be starting to play with | | |higher motor and physical skill within the |expressions, they will be starting to learn to |their colleagues and socialize. Friendships | | |activities, that take place in a |read, to count, they will be putting a lot of |are very important to children girls and boys| | |school(writing,cutting,drawing) and home |questions about everything. They will still be |prefer same sexed friends They can understand| | |environment (running, playing sports). |looking for adult approval (how to dress, what |now what is right and what is wrong. | | | |to do). | | |7-12 years |Children refining all aspects of their motor |During this stage most children will be fluent |It is a transition period , from primary to | | |and physical skills. By example they can have|speakers of a language and will be developing |secondary school. The children are becoming | | |hobbies which are shown in sports, crafts or |and refining their skills in reading and...
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