Tb & Hiv

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TB & HIV the CONNECTION
Case Study of Ms. Q
We've taken on the major health problems of the poorest - tuberculosis, maternal mortality, AIDS, malaria - in four countries. We've scored some victories in the sense that we've cured or treated thousands and changed the discourse about what is possible. Paul Farmer

TB is short for tuberculosis. TB disease is caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis. The bacteria typically attack the lungs; however TB bacteria can occur in any part of the body such as the kidney, spleen, and brain. If not treated correctly, TB disease can be fatal. It is chiefly dangerous for people infected with HIV. Tuberculosis and HIV can be a deadly mixture. In fact, globally TB is the leading cause of death among people infected with HIV. For this fact, it is important for people living with HIV to get a TB skin test often as routine part of HIV care. This essay will describe the case study of Ms. Q., a 32-year-old female, who was diagnosed with HIV infection 5 years ago. She has continued to work as a receptionist at an insurance agency. Ms. Q. recently had a tuberculin skin test, which was interpreted as positive. She has shared this information with the office manager out of concern for its implications for her employment as well as concern for her co-workers and customers of the agency. The condition of tuberculosis will be examined in great detail as to the effects on Ms.’s Q as it relates to HIV and her social experiences. Describe the condition presented in the selected case, including signs and symptoms, course of the disease, prognosis, and resultant needs of the patient TB is spread through the air from one person to another. The TB bacteria are put into the air when a person with active TB disease of the lungs or throat coughs, sneezes, speaks, or sings. People nearby may breathe in these bacteria and become infected. Not everyone infected with TB bacteria becomes sick. “As a result, two TB-related conditions exist: latent TB...
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