Taoism

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  • Topic: Taoism, Chinese philosophy, Wu wei
  • Pages : 9 (3109 words )
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  • Published : March 10, 2013
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Taoism (modernly: Daoism) is a philosophical and religious tradition that emphasizes living in harmony with the Tao (modernly romanized as "Dao"). The term Tao means "way", "path" or "principle", and can also be found in Chinese philosophies and religions other than Taoism. In Taoism, however, Tao denotes something that is both the source and the driving force behind everything that exists. It is ultimately ineffable: "The Tao that can be told is not the eternal Tao. Today, Taoism is one of five religions recognized by the People's Republic of China. The government regulates its activities through the Chinese Taoist Association.[38] Taoism is freely practiced in Taiwan, where it claims millions of adherents. Taoism (modernly: Daoism) is a philosophical and religious tradition that emphasizes living in harmony with the Tao (modernly romanized as "Dao"). The term Tao means "way", "path" or "principle", and can also be found in Chinese philosophies and religions other than Taoism. In Taoism, however, Tao denotes something that is both the source and the driving force behind everything that exists. It is ultimately ineffable: "The Tao that can be told is not the eternal Tao."

Taoist propriety and ethics may vary depending on the particular school, but in general tends to emphasize wu-wei (action through non-action), "naturalness", simplicity, spontaneity, and the Three Treasures: compassion, moderation, and humility. Taoism has had profound influence on Chinese culture in the course of the centuries, and clerics of institutionalised Taoism (Chinese: 道士; pinyin: dàoshi) usually take care to note distinction between their ritual tradition and the customs and practices found in Chinese folk religion as these distinctions sometimes appear blurred. Chinese alchemy (especially neidan), Chinese astrology, Zen Buddhism, several martial arts, Traditional Chinese medicine, feng shui, and many styles of qigong have been intertwined with Taoism throughout history. Beyond China, Taoism also had influence on surrounding societies in Asia. After Laozi and Zhuangzi the literature of Taoism grew steadily and used to be compiled in form of a canon – the Daozang, which was at times published at the behest of the emperor. Throughout Chinese history, Taoism was several times nominated as state religion. After the 17th century, however, it fell much from favor. Like all other religious activity, Taoism was suppressed in the first decades of the People's Republic of China (and even persecuted during the Cultural Revolution), but continued to be practised in Taiwan. Today, it is one of five religions recognized in the PRC, and although it does not travel readily from its Asian roots, claims adherents in a number of societies.

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Taoism (modernong: Daoism) ay isang pilosopiko at relihiyon tradisyon na emphasizes naninirahan sa pagkakatugma sa mga Tao ( modernong romanized bilang "Dao" ). Ang terminong Tao ay nangangahulugan na ang "paraan", "landas" o "prinsipyo", at maaari ring matagpuan sa Chinese philosophies at relihiyon maliban sa Taoism. Sa Taoism, gayunpaman, Tao Nagpapahiwatig ng isang bagay na parehong pinagmulan at ang puwersang nagtataboy sa likod ng lahat ng umiiral. Sa huli hindi maisaysay : "Ang Tao na maaaring sinabi sa ay hindi ang walang hanggan Tao." [1] Ang Keystone trabaho ng panitikan sa Taoism Tao Te Ching , madaling maintindihan at hindi maliwanag na aklat na naglalaman ng mga aral patungkol sa Laozi ( Intsik : 老子; pinyin : Lǎozi; Wade-Giles : Lao Tzu). Kasama ang mga kasulatan ng Zhuangzi , mga teksto bumuo pilosopiko pundasyon ng Taoism. Ito pilosopiko Taoism, individualistic ng kalikasan, ay hindi itinatag. Itinatag form, gayunman, lumaki sa paglipas ng panahon sa hugis ng isang bilang ng mga iba't ibang mga paaralan , madalas sa pagsasama ng mga paniniwala at kasanayan na kahit na pre-napetsahan ang mga teksto Keystone - bilang, halimbawa, ang mga teoryang ng School of Naturalists , na-synthesize ang mga...
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