Traffic accident becomes one of the hottest issues in Cambodia. Some people drive carelessly without thinking of their safety as well as others. They usually pay less attention on the road while they are driving. It is because they tend to do something else rather than focusing on driving. Talking phone at the same time of driving is the most serious one among all of the activities that disturbs people attention on their driving. Because of this reason, some people say that talking phone while driving should be banned.
“Distraction has been identified as a contributing factor in 22% of car crashes and near crashes and 71% of truck crashes (and 46% of near crashes) in naturalistic driving studies (CARRS-Q, 2009, par. 1).” The first identified and influenced cause of car accidents is the driver distractions. Those distractions can be divided into 4 types: physical, visual, audibility, and cognitive distractions. First of all, physical distraction takes part in traffic accident because drivers use one or both of their hands to manipulate the phone (Dragutinovic & Twisk, 2005). Accidents may occur easily when drivers pick up, dial, message, and answer or end call. Since they might use one or both of their hands to do those activities, the hands which are used for steeling wheel or gear changing will be missed from the steel or gear stick. Therefore, the ability of controlling vehicle will decrease, so they might face some problems if there is any obstacle appears suddenly in front of them. Secondly, talking phone at the same time of driving is also dangerous because it is the cause of visual distraction. Even though drivers’ eyes are focusing on the road, they only look but cannot see (Dragutinovic & Twisk, 2005). This means while drivers are talking on phone, their visual senses are distracted by the speech from the conversation so that they only look to the road without any attention. Moreover, in order to control or use their mobile phones,...
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