Unit 4: Jackson and Antebellum Era
The chart must be typed following the format of the example (including numbering items). All definitions and examples must relate to this time period. Follow the format of the example; relevance must be numbered and separated by a line space.
Historical Relevance means how an event it connected to other events that occur at the same time or how one event impacted or led to another event. How do events in history relate to one another? How is an event important? Term
| Historical RelevanceMust have two—see example below
| 1. Mayflower Compact November 21, 1620
| Puritans on the Mayflower blew off course and landed in Massachusetts nullifying their charter and cancelling indentured servants’ contracts. To maintain order, 41 men on board agreed to sign a covenant (agreement) to form a “Civil Body Politic” and promised to submit to the common laws created.
| 1. established a precedent (example) for other written constitutions that would follow such as the Fundamental Orders of Connecticut2. led to the establishment of Plymouth, the first of many Puritan colonies in British America
| 1. Cyrus McCormick
| American inventor and founder of the McCormick Harvesting Machine Company
| 1.His invention helped make weaving faster for cotton cloth.2.His invention eventually turned into the International Harvester Company in 1902
| 2. John Deere
| United States industrialist who manufactured plows suitable for working the prairie soil
| 3. Spoils System
| a practice where a political party, after winning an election, gives government jobs to its voters as a reward for working toward victory, and as an incentive to keep working for the party
| 1.This term was used in the phrase of William L. Marcy, “to the spoils of the enemy”, referring to the Jackson Democratic victory in the election of 18282.Other nations have similar spoils systems that are based off of tribal organizations.
| 4. Nullification crisis
| a sectional crisis during the presidency of Andrew Jackson created by South Carolina's 1832 Ordinance of Nullification
| 1.This ordinance declared by the power of the State that the federal Tariffs of 1828 and 1832 were unconstitutional2.South Carolina repealed its Nullification Ordinance on March 11, 1833.
| 5. Tariff of Abominations
| a protective tariff passed by the Congress of the United States on May 19, 1828, designed to protect industry in the northern United States.
| 1.The original name for this tariff was the Tariff of 1828.2. It was labeled the Tariff of Abominations by its southern detractors because of the effects it had on the antebellum Southern economy.
| 6. Indian Removal Act
| the act authorized him to negotiate with the Indians in the Southern United States for their removal to federal territory west of the Mississippi River in exchange for their homelands.
| 1It was signed into law by President Andrew Jackson on May 28, 18302. The Removal was strongly supported in the South, where people were eager to gain access to lands inhabited by the Five Civilized Tribes.
| 7. Trail of Tears
| a name given to the forced relocation and movement of Native American nations from southeastern parts of the United States following the Indian Removal Act of 1830
| 1.The phrase originated from a description of the removal of the Choctaw Nation in 1831.2. Many died, including 4,000 of the 15,000 relocated Cherokee.
| refers to the political struggle that developed over the issue of rechartering the Second Bank of the United States (BUS) during the Andrew Jackson administration (1829–1837).
| 1. Pro-Bank forces reacted even more strongly to the executive action than they had to Jackson’s vetoing of the recharter bill.2. The Bank War continued to rage when Congress reconvened on December 3, 1833,with removal of the federal deposits an accomplished fact.
Panic of 1837
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