Tagore was born in the Jorasanko mansion in Kolkata of parents Debendranath Tagore (1817–1905) and Sarada Devi (1830–1875).He was the youngest of thirteen children in his family. Rabindranath Tagore (7 May 1861 – 7 August 1941),sobriquet Gurudev was a Bengali poet, novelist, musician, painter and playwright who reshaped Bengali literature and music. As author of Gitanjali and its "profoundly sensitive, fresh and beautiful verse", he was the first non-European who was awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1913. His poetry in translation was viewed as spiritual, and this together with his mesmerizing persona gave him a prophet-like aura in the west. His "elegant prose and magical poetry" still remain largely unknown outside the confines of Bengal. A Pirali Brahmin from Kolkata, Tagore was already writing poems at the age of eight. And at the age of sixteen, he published his first substantial poetry under the pseudonym Bhanushingho and wrote his first short stories and dramas in 1877. Tagore achieved further note when he denounced the British Raj and supported Indian independence. His efforts endure in his vast canon and in the institution he founded, Visva-Bharati University. Tagore modernised Bengali art by spurning rigid classical forms. His novels, stories, songs, dance-dramas, and essays spoke to political and personal topics. Gitanjali, Gora, and Ghare-Baire are his best-known works, and his verse, short stories, and novels were acclaimed for their lyricism, colloquialism, naturalism, and contemplation. Tagore was perhaps the only litterateur who penned anthems of two countries - Jana Gana Mana, the Indian national anthem and Amar Shonar Bangla, the Bangladeshi national anthem. Early life (1861–1901)
Tagore and Mrinalini Devi, 1883
His mother had died in his early childhood; his father travelled extensively. At the age of eleven, Tagore left Calcutta on 14 February 1873 to tour India with his father for several months. They...