Table Manners

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  • Published : May 22, 2013
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中西方餐桌礼仪之对比

The Comparison of the Table Manners between Chinese and the Westerners

Contents

Abstract……………………………………………………………………...1 Key Words………………………………………………………………....1 I. Introduction………………………………….……………………………2 II. Literature Review………………………………………………………..2 III. Background Information about Table Manners……………………...4 1. Cultural background…………………………………………….………4 2. Table manners background……………………………………....………4 IV. Chinese Table Manners…………………………………………………5 1. Comprehending the etiquettes…………………….……………………..5 2. Handling the taboos………………………………….…………………6 V. Western Countries’ Table Manners…………………...………………...7 1. People’s attitude towards Western countries’ table manners……………….7 2. Knowing the taboos……………………………………………………...8 VI. The Relationship between the Two Kinds of Table Manners………...8 1. Cultural differences………………………………………………...……8 2. Establish the right attitude….………………………………………...….9 VII. Arousing and Developing Interest……………………………………9 1. The reasons of people’s passive attitude…………………………………9 VIII. Conclusion……………………………………………………...…….10 References……………………………………………………………..….10

The Comparison of the Table Manners
between Chinese and the Westerners

Abstract: With the entrance of WTO, China will hold the Olympic Games in 2008, the relationship between China and Western in politics, economy, culture will become more and more close. It is undoubtedly that the etiquette will play an important role in this process. To the definition of etiquette, China and Western have a different understanding about it. As Chinese thinks that the etiquette is the common behavior standards that all the members must obey, and its purpose is to keep the normal living order of the society. Table manners, a part of the culture, plays an important role in the process of communication. In this thesis, the author compares these two different kinds of table manners to find the similarities and differences to help the readers to understand a kind of new culture. Therefore, be aware of the importance of table manners is not only for the people who always attend formal parties or have frequent contact with the foreigners, but also for the entire nation so as to improve the cultural awareness, and also improve the communicative effects of table manners. key words: Cultural background; Chinese table manners; westerners’ table manners; differences

摘 要:随着中国加入世界贸易组织并即将在2008年举办奥运会,中西方国家在政治,经济,文化方面的关系变得越来越密切。因此,礼仪就毫无疑问地在这个过程当中就扮演着一个非常重要的角色。对于礼仪这一概念,中西方对它有不同的理解。中国人认为礼仪是共同的行为规范,所有成员必须遵守, 其目的是为了保持社会的正常生活秩序。 餐桌礼仪是文化的一部份,在沟通这个过程中也就起着重要作用。在本文中,作者就这两种不同的餐桌礼仪进行了对比,其目的是找到她们的相似之处和不同之处来帮助读者了解这种全新的文化。因此,了解餐桌礼仪不论对于经常是出席正式的宴会的人,还是和外国人频繁接触的人来说都是非常重要的。它也有助于提高全民族的文化意识,并提高餐桌礼仪的交际影响。 关键词:文化背景,中国餐桌礼仪,西方餐桌礼仪,差异

I. Introduction

With the development of the world and globalization, International trade became more and more popular. China, as a developing country, has enhanced the world trade with the Western countries, which calls us to know and familiar with the differences in culture between China and the Western countries. It includes philosophy, religion, music, art, cooking, table manners, etc. Especially the table manners, because the most frequent contact between different countries mainly focus on the daily life. So the importance of the table manners seems to be more noteworthiness. China is a vast country and it is therefore no surprise that there are many regional variations in Chinese table manners and cuisine. Chinese culture is quite unique, not only because it is different from that in western countries, but also from some other oriental countries. For example, in Japan, South Korea, India and Thailand. China is a long history country, which breeds its own cultural system. For instance, philosophy, religion, music, art, cooking, table manners, etc. All of these are all different from the western ones. It's true that every country has its own culture, which has distinguishing features. These special...
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