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Ta and Gestalt

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In this essay I will give an explanation of my understanding of Transactional Analysis, more commonly known as ‘TA’, and the Gestalt theory to counselling, as discussed in module one, year three of the Chrysalis Counselling course. I will then apply these approaches, and demonstrate the methodology to a previous client case study, discussing what I could have achieved. I will offer a brief outline of the case in question to allow for clear understanding of the presenting issue, and the possible outcomes that could be approached with counselling. I will consider what I have learnt from this research, and what I could take into my future work. I will conclude with a brief summary. Firstly, I will begin by explaining the meaning of Transactional Analysis (TA), and the dynamics behind this. Eric Berne was the founder of ‘TA’ in the 1950’s. ‘TA’ is a theory of personality and social psychology within the humanistic tradition.’ (www.functionalfluency.com/what is transactional analysis?) Berne developed the theory and practice of ‘TA’ as a method of psychotherapy. ‘Transactional analysis (TA) means the exploration of all the component parts of psycho/social exchanges between people - in other words, finding out how people tick and what is going on between them.’ (www.functionalfluency.com/TA’s name). The approach is integrative, and combines various aspects of counselling approaches, psychodynamic, humanistic and behaviourist. It looks at the cognitive effect of human experience. It offers a framework for understanding different personalities. It provides an understanding of how people react, and inter-react, with each other, and how our minds work. TA is based on the notion that we have three parts, or ego-states, to our personality, and that these converse with one another in 'transactions'. When two people communicate, each exchange is a ‘transaction’. Many of our problems come from transactions which are unsuccessful, and this can be due largely to the attitudes...

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