Systems Analysis and Design

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1.0 Introduction

2.1 Background of the Study

* This section gives background information on the study by discussing any or all of the following in textual paragraph form:

* The general area in Computer Science or Information Technology where the study may be classified. Examples are the following:

1) For Payroll, Accounts Receivable/Payable, Inventory, Reservation, Library, etc. Systems, the general area which may be discussed is Information Systems.

2) For Expert Systems, CAIs, ICAIs, ITSs, etc., the general area is Artificial Intelligence.

3) For Editor Softwares, Utility Softwares, Compilers, etc., the general area is Software Technology.

4) For Multimedia Systems, Geographical Information Systems, Hypertext, etc., these are the actual general areas.

* The current state of technology on the general area leading to the current state of technology in the specific area.

* The specific company/corporation/institution on which the study is being conducted. A brief history, organization, some statistics (e.g. number of employees, locations/branches, etc.) products and/or services, etc.

* A general and brief description of the system under study.


* The problem of the study. This is identified by answering the question: What is being solved by this research or thesis project.

* The statement of the problem is a clear, definite, and logical statement of the major problem(s) and the sub-problem(s) if any.

* How to write the problem.
1) State the problem of the study fully and precisely in enumerated form 2) State the problem in complete grammatical sentence, punctuation is important. Provide justification to support the statement.

* Example:
Systems Development – Payroll System

General Problem
* How to design, develop and implement a computerized payroll system for XYZ Company?

Specific Problems
Specifically, the study aims to answer the following problems: * How to develop and integrate an automated time keeping system that will monitor employees’ log-in/out? * How to create a module that will automatically compute for the employees’ salary? * How to design a security module that will decrease the risk of data loss?


1.3.1 General Objective
* This is a statement that states what the research or thesis project is trying to accomplish.

1.3.2 Specific Objectives
* These are statements that try to achieve the general objective. Specify the things that would be done to accomplish the general objective.

* Objectives are statements of WHAT the project is expected to accomplish. Each objective should be stated to describe what is to be done. Since objectives are associated with action, they usually start with action verbs.

* Stating project objectives:

The study aims to…

* A satisfactory objective should be Specific, Measurable, Attainable/Achievable, Realistic, and Time-bounded. It should be stated to include the following information:

* an action verb;
* the outcome to be accomplished;
* the time-frame the outcome is to be accomplished; and * the criteria or conditions for measuring the accomplishment.

* Few objectives should be considered in a proposal and they should be arranged in their order of importance. It is more likely that few objectives can be successfully accomplished given the available resources.

* Objectives must always relate to the expected outcomes or project outputs. Moreover, objectives determine the methodology – how each objective is to be accomplished.

* Objectives are normally classified as general and...
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