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The Syrian Orthodox Church

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The Syrian Orthodox Church

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The Syrian Orthodox Church is one of the oldest Christian churches related to the Church of Antioch that was established as the second Christian church after the Church of Jerusalem. Antioch is a city located in southeastern Turkey. However, at the time of Christ, Antioch was the capital of the Roman province of Syria. People spoke Syriac, a dialect of Aramaic, the language spoken by Jesus. Aramaic is still the language used for worship. The New Testament says that it was in Antioch that the followers of Jesus, the Apostles, were called Christians, "the disciples were first called Christians in Antioch". (Acts 11:26). Thousand of years later, and despite many percussions and isolation, the Syrian Orthodox Church is still surviving in a very troubled region, the Middle East. Today, you will find Syrian Orthodox Christians in Turkey, Syria, Jordan, Iraq, Lebanon, Egypt, Palestine, but also in India, North and South America, Europe and Australia. However, due to the conflicts in Iraq, Palestine and Lebanon, many families are fleeing the region.

The Syrian Orthodox Church claims its birth from the very early days of christianism. The church was established in Antioch by St. Peter, head of the Apostles, who is considered to be the first patriarch of the "Holy Universal Church". The successive patriarchs, also called bishops, of Antioch were recognized as heads of Christianity like the Roman and Byzantine patriarchs. Everything was going well until the Council of Chalcedon in AD 451 when the Syrian Orthodox Church separated itself from the Byzantine Church of Constantinople and the Latin Church of Rome because of a different view on the definition of the Faith of the Universal Church. The Byzantine and Roman Churches declared that "there are two natures and two persons in Christ, therefore, He is two Christ, One is Son of God, and the other is Son of man, One that Mary did not give birth to an incarnate God, but to a pure human who is Jesus Christ". The Syrian...