How the Syrian refugee crisis has/is affecting the Jordanian economy Syrian crisis, which has continued for almost one and a half years now, have not only seen the number of refugees increase exponentially, but has also had tremendous effects on the economies of the neighbouring countries. Jordan which is one of the neighbouring countries to Syria and which host the largest number of refugees now is greatly affected. As indicated by the UNHRC statistics (Christopher 1), the number of registered refugees stands at 180,000 in Jordan, and that number is likely to increase if the crisis does not come to an end soon.
Jordan, which is 75% desert is ranked 95th as per the Human Development Index has a low food production capacity. With only 3% of domestic food production, Jordan relies mostly on foreign food import which makes it vulnerable to international fluctuation of food prices. Jordan also has most of its population living in urban places, and since they do not have adequate energy production facilities, they rely heavily on foreign energy (MPC 1). Jordan also has a water scarcity problem which forces the municipal to supply water for only two days within a week to the people living in urban areas. Evidently, Jordan is indeed not the best place to host such a high number of refugees as it is now. This is because it already has a constraint economy and any pressure from the increasing number of refugees will affect the economy of Jordan in varied ways (MPC 1).
It is obvious that refugees flee to the host countries with little food, clothing and financial resources for sustenance. Sooner or later, they will be faced with food, shelter, clothing and social amenities shortages. Before the refugees get support from the responsible agencies, the shortages of basic necessities have to be met in the host country through various means. The host country is left with no choice other than to accommodate the refugees with their needs according to the provisions of the United Nations (Christopher 1).
The Jordan government, which falls under the developing economies, is forced to accommodate the Syrian refugees by providing the basic necessities such as food, shelter, jobs, health facilities and other necessary facilities. This is not an easy task for the Jordan government because it is already facing 18% unemployment and any constraints on its economy will lead to further economic unemployment (Christopher 1). Lack of adequate resources within the Jordan government also presents a hard situation of balancing between the needs of the citizens and the refugees. Over the last one and half years, which Jordan have, been hosting Syrian refugees, it has had several social and economic constraints; shortage of housing, inflation, increased unemployment, and insecurity (Baker 1).
The Syrian refugees for the last one and a half years have affected the Jordan economy in a number of ways. Due to the influx of several Syrians families without official places to reside, they are often forced to think between the limited resources at their disposal and a place to call home (MPC 1). Due to need, the Syrian refugees often tend to pool resources in acquiring accommodation and residential places. This situation exerts pressure on the Jordan accommodation facilities because most of its population live in urban places. On the other hand, demand for housing and other household effects goes up due to the need of the business people to maximize the situation of the refugees, and in the event inflation and high cost of living is culminated (Christopher 1).
The Syrian refugees who fled to Jordan without enough financial resources to sustain themselves and their families as they await the UNCHR aid and from other humanitarian agencies, sooner or later run out of finances and are forced to look for employment in Jordan. As reported by various reports on the Syrian refugees, most of the refugees who flee Syria to Jordan are...