Rizal used these symbolisms to represent what he wanted to awaken the minds of Filipinos and that he wanted to portray in his novel of how Spaniards treat Filipinos and rule our country, Philippines. Some of the symbolisms as well as with the characters were:
CROSS - sufferings
POMELO BLOSSOMS AND LAUREL LEAVES - honor and fidelity
SILHOUETTE OF A FILIPINA -Maria Clara
BURNING TORCH -rage and passion
SUNFLOWERS - enlightenment
BAMBOO STALKS THAT WERE CUTDOWN BUT GREWBACK-resilience
A MAN IN A CASSOCK WITH HAIRY FEET - priests using religion in a dirty way CHAINS-slavery
HELMET OF THE GUARDIA CIVIL - arrogance of those in authority
The characters of the novel were drawn by Rizal from persons who actually existed during his time. * Juan Crisostomo Ibarra – the protagonist Represented the affluent and liberal European educated Filipino (Ilustrado) and desired the education of the people * Elias – represented the Filipino masses wanted to liberate the people from the injustices suffered from the Spaniards and represented Rizal himself * Maria Clara – The object of Ibarra’s love and affection. * Trained in a convent and immersed in education that is religious in orientation. * Salome – Elias’ girlfriend
* Same with Maria Clara epitomizes womanhood in their fidelity, shyness and modesty and represents Leonor Rivera * Padre Damaso – the main antagonist in the novel.
* A typical domineering friar during Rizal’s time.
* Arrogant, immoral and anti-Filipino
* Often mistaken as a Dominican priest.
* Pilosopo Tasyo – perceived to be a sage by the educated and a lunatic or weird by those who did not know him. * Represents Paciano, Rizal’s older brother
* Capitan Tiago – Don Anastacio de los Santos
* Husband of Pia Alba
* His wealth came from illegal opium trade
* Example of a subservient...