...Hopelessness in Albert Camus' The Plague and Samuel Beckett's Waiting for Godot
Does Existentialism deny the existence of God? Can God possibly exist in a world full of madness and injustice? Albert Camus and Samuel Beckett address these questions in The Plague and Waiting for Godot. Though their thinking follows the ideals of existentialism, their conclusions are different.
Camus did not believe in God, nor did he agree with the vast majority of the historical beliefs of the Christian religion. His stance on Christianity is summed up most simply by his remark that "in its essence, Christianity (and this is its paradoxical greatness) is a doctrine of injustice. It is founded on the sacrifice of the innocent and the acceptance of this sacrifice" (Bree 49). Camus felt that Jesus Christ was an innocent man who was unjustly killed. This does conflicts with all of Camus' values. However, Camus did not believe that Jesus was the son of God.
Camus' inability to accept Christian theology is voiced in The Plague by Riex and juxtaposed against the beliefs preached by Father Paneloux (Rhein 42). Paneloux's attitude toward the plague contrasts sharply with Rieux's. In his first sermon, he preaches that the plague is divine in origin and punitive in its purpose. He attempts to put aside his desires for a...
...June 27, 2012
Book Critique of Albert Camusâ€™ THE PLAGUE
In reading Camusâ€™ The Plague, I found myself easily attaching personal
significance to the many symbolic references and themes alluded to in this allegorical
work. Some of the most powerful messages woven throughout the novel seem to all
speak to conflict or imbalance between two ends of a spectrum. The ideas of apathy vs.
concern, solidarity vs. isolation, freedom vs. imprisonment (intellectually and physically),
individual moral responsibility vs. the power of the collective, as well as the potential
abuse of the power that government and religion have over the masses.
When the rate of human deaths in Oran starts to cause reason for concern among
Rieux and the town doctors, the Prefect needs to choose how to balance alerting the
public to the epidemic, while not causing alarm or hysteria. He chooses to remain silent
initially. This is our first glimpse at an ethical dilemma in the book, and one where the
choice to not act was as powerful as taking action. The silence allowed more time for
more people to be infected and the deaths mounted. Should the doctors have acted
independently from the Prefect? Should Rambert, the journalist, have used his position to
spread the word via the newspaper? Could they have done so in a way that would have
been â€śheardâ€ť by the public without confirmation from the Prefect? Or would the doctors
...The Plague Paper
The Plague, written by Albert Camus, is a thought-provoking piece of literature. The novel is centered around the fictional Algerian town of Oran. The town is plunged into chaos and suffering when a mysterious plague appears and ravages the citizens who live there pushing them towards the brink of collapse. There are two distinct themes in this novel. The two themes of indifference in death and the value of human life are seen throughout the novel's entirety. Death itself is indifferent in who or what it choses. Life is portrayed as a valuable thing that needs to be preserved. These two themes, however, are really established through symbolism. The theme of indifference is conveyed through the symbolism of the rats, the weather of Oran and the town itself and the death of Jacques Othon. The theme of the preservation of human life and fighting against death is conveyed through the symbolism of the characters of Dr. Rieux, Rambert and Tarrou. Without these symbols, the themes would lose a lot of their meaning.
Suffering and agonizing pain abound throughout this novel. A plague spreads across the town of Oran. The plague, very similar to the Bubonic Plague is first seen in the rats that inhabit the town. It quickly spreads to the citizens and it turns the city into a wasteland of corpses and pain. The...
My book report is on The Plague by Albert Camus. It is fictional and was published in 1948. The story takes place in the 1940s in the town of Oran. The author describes the town as ugly with smug, placid air, and also says there are no pigeons, trees, or gardens.
The main character of the novel is Dr. Bernard Rieux, he is the narrator. Throughout the story, he tries to battle the plague against the disagreeing forces of the authorities. Although he is separated from his wife, he doesnâ€™t allow his personal wishes to distract him. Jean Tarrou is a vacationer in Oran when the epidemic requires the city to be quarantined. He shares the same beliefs as Rieux, but he is more philosophical. Joseph Grand is an old man whoâ€™s been working the same job for decades; his wife even left him because she was tired of his boring routine. He often tries to write a letter to her, but cannot because he suffers from intense anxiety and canâ€™t find the â€śright wordsâ€ť to describe his exact feelings. Raymond Rambert is a journalist from Paris who comes to Oran to research sanitary conditions of the Arab population. He gets trapped in the sudden quarantine of the town, and wants to escape. Cottard is a paranoid, suspicious criminal who will not tell anyone his crime. He often fears getting arrested, so when the town is quarantined he is happy that the authorities are busy and he begins smuggling. Dr. Castel is an old...
Albert Camus once said that â€śYou will never be happy if you continue to search for what happiness consists of. You will never live if you are looking for the meaning of lifeâ€ť (Camus). Albert Camus won the Nobel Prize and whose views contributed to the rise of absurdism. What Camus is saying is that life has plenty of value and to live in the moment with the things that make us happy even if they are absurd. In The PlagueCamus shows us the absurdity of life, the struggle of life, and also the value of life through the people in Oran and the main characters that he portrays.
Throughout The PlagueCamus displays humans violating logic, which can be defined as absurdity. Albert also said that â€śAccepting the absurdity of everything around us is one step, a necessary experience: it should not become a dead end. It arouses a revolt that can become fruitfulâ€ť (Camus). Camus believes that absurdity isnâ€™t a bad thing and is a necessary step in life that seems like a dead end but the choices that one makes because they feel like itâ€™s the end could result in happiness. An example of absurdity is the old man who enjoyed spitting on cats. This had no significant meaning but it made him happy which made it absurd. Another example of absurdity is that innocent people died like the kid while people like the man with...
...â€śthingsâ€ť, but they all have one thing in common. They all inspire deep thought in mankind, causing us to stumble over the correct words to describe the emotions felt when discussing them. Rieux struggles between juggling patience with his job of fighting to relieve the suffering of the plague victims and his own personal distress. He becomes so caught up in his clashing conflicts that he barely realizes his own emotions. â€śThroughout the day the doctor was conscious the slightly dazed feeling that came over him whenever he thought about the plague was growing more pronounced. Finally he realized that he was afraid!â€ť (56). Rieux also fights with remaining stoic during his job of dealing with giving worrisome family members the dreaded news that their loved one has bubonic plague. Eventually he finds that he doesnâ€™t even have to struggle with this tiresome demon because he grows indifferent to pity. â€śOne grows out of pity when itâ€™s uselessâ€¦.This, he knew, would make his job easier, and therefore he was glad of it.â€ť (91). This novacaine of the mind is the only way for Rieux to protect himself from snapping and losing his reserve. Even though his efforts in the battle against the plague seem to make very little, if not any, difference, Rieux believes that simply fighting brings meaning to his life and meaning to even bothering to fight. For Rieux, since he does not believe in God and religion brings no meaning...
The Rabbit-proof fence
Mr A.O. Neville, chief protector of aborigines -Also has the power to remove any
aborigine in the state. During the 1930s, Molly, a 13 year- old aboriginal, is living in harsh,
impoverished conditions with her family and other aborigines. Molly is outstandingly courageous,
and is a great risk - taker. She lives in a hut made of twigs, logs and bramble also some grass,with
her cousin, Gracie, younger sister, Daisy with her Mother and Grandmother. Molly has another
sister the youngest, Gracie. Molly and her family have been fenced up by Jigalong depot. Mollyâ€™s
father is gone, and works on a rabbit-proof fence.Mr. Neville takes Molly and her sisters away from
her family and the other aboriginals.
The people, Australians, at the time, strongly disliked the aboriginal people or any half-caste or
mixed race children. Molly seems to cautious and skeptical about many endeavors.Molly, her sister
and her cousin are taken to a re-education center called Moore river, where theyâ€™ll live with other
aborigines and half-castes. They are scared by what is before them in the new life they have at
Moore river. They slowly adjust to the new life.They are treated harshly by the carers at Moore
river. They have to adjust to the new customs that they have at Moore river, such as a new religion,
christianity, different foods, and such. Molly dreams about home in...