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STPM/S(E)964

MAJLIS PEPERIKSAAN MALAYSIA
(MALAYSIAN EXAMINATIONS COUNCIL)

PEPERIKSAAN SIJIL TINGGI PERSEKOLAHAN MALAYSIA
(MALAYSIA HIGHER SCHOOL CERTIFICATE EXAMINATION)

BIOLOGY
Syllabus and Specimen Papers

This syllabus applies for the 2012/2013 session and thereafter until further notice.

NATIONAL EDUCATION PHILOSOPHY “Education in Malaysia is an on-going effort towards further developing the potential of individuals in a holistic and integrated manner, so as to produce individuals who are intellectually, spiritually, emotionally and physically balanced and harmonious, based on a belief in and devotion to God. Such effort is designed to produce Malaysian citizens who are knowledgeable and competent, who possess high moral standards, and who are responsible and capable of achieving a high level of personal well-being as well as being able to contribute to the betterment of the family, the society and the nation at large.”

FOREWORD
This revised Biology syllabus is designed to replace the existing syllabus which has been in use since the 2001 STPM examination. This new syllabus will be enforced in 2012 and the first examination will also be held the same year. The revision of the syllabus takes into account the changes made by the Malaysian Examinations Council (MEC) to the existing STPM examination. Through the new system, the form six study will be divided into three terms, and candidates will sit for an examination at the end of each term. The new syllabus fulfils the requirements of this new system. The main objective of introducing the new examination system is to enhance the teaching and learning orientation of form six so as to be in line with the orientation of teaching and learning in colleges and universities. The revision of the Biology syllabus incorporates current developments in biology studies to be more relevant to the current global developments. Biology is a science that deals with the study of living organisms. It is dynamic and affects every aspect of our daily lives, from food and health, to the responsibilities towards our environment. The cumulative discoveries and developments in biology have tremendously enhanced our understanding and perception towards both the unity and diversity of life. With this understanding, we have become more aware of our interdependence with our rich biodiversity and natural resources. The application of biology together with modern technologies leads to the evolution of biotechnology. Furthermore, the assessment tools of this syllabus consist of written papers and coursework. The written papers evaluate candidates’ knowledge and understanding of the subject, while the coursework provides an opportunity for candidates to trigger their inquisitive biological reasoning. This also enhances their understanding and application of biological sciences and develops the candidates’ soft skills. The syllabus contains topics, teaching periods, learning outcomes, examination format, grade description and specimen papers. The design of this syllabus was undertaken by a committee chaired by Professor Emeritus Dato’ Dr. Latiff bin Mohamad from Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia. Other committee members consist of university lecturers, representatives from the Curriculum Development Division, Ministry of Education Malaysia, and experienced teachers who are teaching Biology. On behalf of MEC, I would like to thank the committee for their commitment and invaluable contribution. It is hoped that this syllabus will be a guide for teachers and candidates in the teaching and learning process.

Chief Executive Malaysian Examinations Council

CONTENTS
Syllabus 964 Biology Page Aims Objectives Content First Term: Biological Molecules and Metabolism Second Term: Physiology Third Term: Ecology and Genetics Practical Syllabus (School-based Assessment of Practical) Written Practical Test Scheme of Assessment Performance Descriptions Reference Books Specimen Paper 1 Specimen...
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