My topic is sweat shop labor in china focused on Nike production factories and question of labors dignity in sweat shop. To understand in better term this paper includes explanation of dignity, and how this theory is violated by factories. Additionally, describes how civil society reacted and pressured international community to focus on sweat shop issue. Sweat shop is refers for any dangerous or difficult environment to work. Sweat shop workers often work overtime, in low wage, verbal abuse, physical abuse to women, hazardous materials and situations, and without any job security. Nike, Inc. has been accused of having history of using sweatshops in developing countries like South Korea, Taiwan, Indonesia, china and Vietnam. Most of these are women workers. China which is communist country, citizen doesn’t have right to freedom of association to form trade unions and non-governmental labor organizations. Government monitored organization labor that carry out regular crackdowns. Multinational corporations and national factory owners take advantage of the anti-union climate. Workers interest and rights are not protected by Chinese government neither factories. Nike’s largest single sourcing country is china, about 210,000 employees. Nike was heavily criticized for working condition of factory; they are taking advantage of government system in developing countries. Nike denied claim that they don’t owned the company, they do in contract. Women represent the larger proportion of factory employees. Cases of employee abuse by supervisors have been found in several factories. Inside the factory it is like dictatorship of supervisor where they are given corporal punishment to keep workers in line.
Dignity emphasized on inherent and inalienable rights. Inalienable and inherent right refers to that cannot be separated and as of birth one due have rights without any discrimination. Morality, autonomy, human traits of reason is fully developed with the means of right. Right is a tool to end of realizing human dignity. Rights cannot be exercised fulfilling obligations. These duties are described as collective dignity and often to the state. The Universal Declaration on Human Rights was pivotal in popularizing the use of ‘dignity’ or ‘human dignity’ in human rights discourses. The core constellation of meanings in the concept of human dignity consists of four elements: liberty, responsibility, irreplaceability, Vulnerability, suffering and degradation. This is in fact the concept of human dignity that informs the Universal Declaration.
During the Second World War the allies adopted the Four Freedoms: freedom of speech, freedom of religion, freedom from fear, and freedom from want, as their basic war aims. The United Nations Charter ;reaffirmed faith in fundamental human rights, and dignity and worth of the human person and committed all member states to promote universal respect for, and observance of, human rights and fundamental freedoms for all without distinction as to race, sex, language, or religion On 10 December 1948 in Paris, the General Assembly of the United Nations adopted and proclaimed the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR). The Declaration was the first international recognition that all human beings have fundamental rights and freedoms and it continues to be a living and relevant document today. The UDHR is a living document that matters not only in times of conflict and in societies suffering repression, but also in addressing social injustice and achieving human dignity in times of peace in established democracies. Non-discrimination, equality and fairness - key components of justice - form the basis of the Declaration. It consists of an introduction and 30 articles that set out a range of fundamental human rights and freedoms to which all men and women, everywhere in the world, are entitled.
“.Inherent human dignity is therefore the...