Sustainable Towards Agropreneur Emergence in Nigeria

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SUSTAINABLE REFORMS TOWARDS EMERGENCE
OF AGROPRENEURS

A

PAPER PRESENTED

BY

OWOADE O.A, OMOGOYE A.M AND OLANIYAN S.T
Department of Agricultural Education
School of Vocational and Technical Education
Emmanuel Alayande College of Education, Oyo
Lanlate Campus, Oyo State Nigeria

AT

First National Conference of School of Education
Emmanuel Alayande College of Education, Oyo

Date: 26th - 29th April, 2010
Venue: College Conference Centre
Emmanuel Alayande College of Education, Oyo

SUSTAINABLE REFORMS TOWARDS EMERGENCE
OF AGROPRENEURS
*Owoade, O. A, Omogoye,A.M and Olaniyan, S.T Department of Agricultural Education School of Vocational and Technical Education Emmanuel Alayande College of Education, *Corresponding author: femiowoade2020@yahoo.com: 08056229609

ABSTRACT
Nigeria’s dependence on oil over the years has caused a serious setback for agriculture which until the advent of oil remains the mainstay of the national economy. Today Nigeria is a net importer of food despite about 79 million hectares of underutilised cultivable land and highly diversified ecological conditions suitable for production of wide range of agricultural product. Efforts to revive agriculture and make the country self-secure in food production had produced minimal result. This could be adduced to the fact that participation of youths in agricultural activities is low despite the massive population of Nigerian youths. A cursory look at Nigerian agriculture shows that it is confronted with myriads of problems which make it unattractive to the private sector and the youths. Apart from this, the kind of agricultural education presently being offered in schools cannot foster the necessary skills needed for young graduates to be successfully involved in agribusiness. Hence, there is need to carry out sustainable reform in agricultural education being offered in our schools to foster skills and competencies that would eventually lead to emergence of agropreneurs. In achieving this feat, the role of government, private organisations and all stakeholders is highly essential for Nigeria to ensure food security and sustainability for the increasing population.

Introduction
With about 70 per cent of its 140 million population engaged in farming, 79 million hectares of arable land (less than half of which is under cultivation) and highly diversified ecological conditions suitable for production of a wide range of agricultural products, Nigeria has all the ingredients of a robust agro-economy. Unfortunately, the reverse is the case, as instead of being the food basket of the world, Nigeria is today a net importer of food, with about three billion dollars expended on food imports annually (Federal Ministry of Agriculture and Water Resources, 2010). In the last 35 years, contributions of agriculture to national development had waned considerably. A cursory look at the development reveals a wanton neglect of this strategic sector as a result of over reliance on petroleum for development. Despite the voluminous human and material resources as well as billions in foreign currency claimed to have been expended on the agricultural sector by both military and civilian governments in the last 30 to 35 years, the country is still struggling with the plague of poverty, hunger, malnutrition, ill-health, massive youth unemployment and crimes as a result of not according necessary attention to agriculture as it was the...
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