RECYCLING – FROM E-WASTE TO RESOURCES
UNITED NATIONS ENVIRONMENT PROGRAMME
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Sustainable Innovation and Technology Transfer Industrial Sector Studies
RECYCLINGFROM E-WASTE TO RESOURCES
Authors Mathias Schluepa Christian Hageluekenb Ruediger Kuehrc Federico Magalinic Claudia Maurerc Christina Meskersb Esther Muellera Feng Wangc a b
Federal Laboratories for Material Testing and Research (EMPA) Umicore Precious Metal Refining c United Nations University (UNU) Supervision and technical editing Guido Sonnemann, UNEP DTIE Bas de Leeuw, UNEP DTIE Design Marcel Locher, UNEP DTIE Printing Oktoberdruck AG, Berlin, Germany
We would like to thank the following persons for their input and constructive comments: Boin, Udo Buffet, Elise (UNU) Crock, Wesley (UNU) Delgado, Clara (Gaiker) Francomme, Magali (UNU) Gregory, Jeremy (MIT) Ott, Daniel (EMPA) Rochat, David (EMPA) Schischke, Karsten (FHG-IZM)
This study has been developed and reviewed within StEP Task Force “ReCycle”. It was prepared by the Swiss Federal Laboratories for Material Testing and Research (EMPA), Umicore Precious Metal Refining and the United Nations University (UNU), with the support from UNEP and the European Commission, Directorate-General for the Environment.
Sustainable Innovation, understood as the shift of sustainable technologies, products and services to the market, requires a market creation concept and one common global agenda. The challenge is to raise awareness among all actors of the different sectors in order to realize the innovation potential and to shift to eco-innovations that lead to sustainable consumption and production patterns. Throughout this study prepared within the “Solving the E-Waste Problem (StEP) Initiative” the focus lies on a consistent set of different types of metals (ferrous and non-ferrous metals) such as aluminium (Al), copper (Cu), palladium (Pd) and gold (Au). Toxic and hazardous elements are present in e-waste, which are partially drivers for the implementation of sound collection and treatment processes. Therefore in the discussion of recycling technologies, the proper handling and treatment of such harmful elements to prevent environmental or health impact is included....