Sustainable Innovation and Technology Transfer Industrial Sector Studies

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Sustainable Innovation and Technology Transfer Industrial Sector Studies

RECYCLING – FROM E-WASTE TO RESOURCES

UNITED NATIONS ENVIRONMENT PROGRAMME

Copyright © United Nations Environment Programme & United Nations University, 2009 This publication may be reproduced in whole or in part and in any form for educational or non-profit purposes without special permission from the copyright holder, provided acknowledgement of the source is made. UNEP and UNU would appreciate receiving a copy of any publication that uses this publication as a source. No use of this publication may be made for resale or for any other commercial purpose whatsoever without prior permission in writing from the United Nations Environment Programme and United Nations University.

Disclaimer
The designations employed and the presentation of the material in this publication do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the United Nations Environment Programme and United Nations University concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities, or concerning delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries. Moreover, the views expressed do not necessarily represent the decision or the stated policy of the United Nations Environment Programme and United Nations University, nor does citing of trade names or commercial processes constitute endorsement.

UNEP promotes environmentally sound practices globally and in its own activities. This publication is printed on Cyclusprint paper (100% post-consumer fibres, Blue Angel certified) using vegetable-based ink (no mineral oils, no volatile organic solvent, no isopropylalcohol). Our distribution policy aims to reduce UNEP’s carbon footprint.

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Sustainable Innovation and Technology Transfer Industrial Sector Studies

RECYCLINGFROM E-WASTE TO RESOURCES
July 2009

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Acknowledgements
Authors Mathias Schluepa Christian Hageluekenb Ruediger Kuehrc Federico Magalinic Claudia Maurerc Christina Meskersb Esther Muellera Feng Wangc a b

Federal Laboratories for Material Testing and Research (EMPA) Umicore Precious Metal Refining c United Nations University (UNU) Supervision and technical editing Guido Sonnemann, UNEP DTIE Bas de Leeuw, UNEP DTIE Design Marcel Locher, UNEP DTIE Printing Oktoberdruck AG, Berlin, Germany

We would like to thank the following persons for their input and constructive comments: Boin, Udo Buffet, Elise (UNU) Crock, Wesley (UNU) Delgado, Clara (Gaiker) Francomme, Magali (UNU) Gregory, Jeremy (MIT) Ott, Daniel (EMPA) Rochat, David (EMPA) Schischke, Karsten (FHG-IZM)

This study has been developed and reviewed within StEP Task Force “ReCycle”. It was prepared by the Swiss Federal Laboratories for Material Testing and Research (EMPA), Umicore Precious Metal Refining and the United Nations University (UNU), with the support from UNEP and the European Commission, Directorate-General for the Environment.

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EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

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Executive Summary
Sustainable Innovation, understood as the shift of sustainable technologies, products and services to the market, requires a market creation concept and one common global agenda. The challenge is to raise awareness among all actors of the different sectors in order to realize the innovation potential and to shift to eco-innovations that lead to sustainable consumption and production patterns. Throughout this study prepared within the “Solving the E-Waste Problem (StEP) Initiative” the focus lies on a consistent set of different types of metals (ferrous and non-ferrous metals) such as aluminium (Al), copper (Cu), palladium (Pd) and gold (Au). Toxic and hazardous elements are present in e-waste, which are partially drivers for the implementation of sound collection and treatment processes. Therefore in the discussion of recycling technologies, the proper handling and treatment of such harmful elements to prevent environmental or health impact is included....
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