Table of Contents
2. Objectives 2
3. Ecological balance 3
4.1 Animal welfare3
4.2 Vegetarianism 4
4. Food miles 5
4.1 Carbon label6
5. Future research7
Sustainability and Food
The global food crisis is looming large and food situation in the world is becoming precarious. Providing food for millions in the poor countries of Asia and Africa has become a challenge. Apart from the droughts and floods caused by deforestation and global warming, converting the agricultural lands with water sources for industrial or real estate purposes and using agricultural lands for cultivation of plants like Jatropha for production of biodiesel and sugarcane for ethanol have considerably increased the cost of foodstuff worldwide. Krugman, P. (2011) states that while several factors have contributed to soaring food prices, what really stands out is the extent to which severe weather events have disrupted agricultural production. And these severe weather events are exactly the kind of thing we’d expect to see as rising concentrations of greenhouse gases change our climate — which means that the current food price surge may be just the beginning. 2. Objectives
The Sustainable Development according Bruntland (1987) means “Development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs.” (The World Bank Group, 2001) This paper seeks to study and analyze the issues related to the following questions in the backdrop of sustainable development:
* What are the measures needed to be taken to ensure ecological balance and animal welfare? * To what extent the international efforts with regard carbon footprint of food we eat are effective in mitigating the greenhouse gas emissions? * What strategies can be adopted for sustainable development in the agricultural front to ensure food security to people?
3. Ecological balance
All living organisms, plants and animals in a natural habitat are interdependent for their living. Therefore, the preservation of the ecological system is the responsibility of the mankind. The unrestricted exploitation of the forests, rivers and oceans has resulted into extinction of species caused by the imbalances in the ecosystem. Many countries have taken several measures to preserve the ecological balance by imposing restrictions on hunting. There are projects for protecting the animals like Pandas and Tigers and ‘Project Tiger’ is a wildlife conservation movement initiated in India to protect tigers. 4.1 Animal welfare
Environmental pollution has led to the extinction of several species of animals and plants. People destroy habitats by cutting down the trees, land fill of marshes and swamps, building railroads and highways or industrial estates after uprooting the trees or indirectly by activities such as overgrazing and pollution of water ways thereby endangering plants and animals. Extermination of animals is taking place deliberately for various purposes, for example tusks of elephants and feathers of peacocks, wool and skin of various animals for commercial values. The extinction of a group of animals leads to the extinction of others species. Caudill, L. et al. (2008) state “Prairie dogs are disrupted and seriously reduced in number as habitable mesas turn into buildings and parking lots. Two animals that depend on prairie dogs are the already endangered black-footed ferret, which feeds exclusively on Gunnison's prairie dog and burrowing owls…” Health and survival of different types of farm animals and birds is dependent upon care and shelter provided in the extreme climatic conditions. Larger farm animals need extra food for winter months and...