Susan B. Anthony

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Susan B. Anthony
Justice is defined as a concept of moral rightness and fairness. In the 1800s, gender inequality was a huge conflict. Men were able to own land and open businesses, while women weren’t even given the right to open up a bank account. However, the uprising of reform movements was beginning during this time as well. One enormously great movement that came to be, was the woman’s suffrage movement. Susan B. Anthony was a crucial member of this historical endeavor. She dedicated her life to helping the women of our country obtain the same rights as men. This made her a great inspirational leader.

Susan Brownell Anthony was born on February 15, 1820 to a cotton mill owner and his wife. She was the second oldest of eight children, and although born in Adams, Massachusetts, her family moved to Batten Ville, New York, in 1826. The Anthony’s were a Quaker family. This helped Susan to develop justice outlooks and strong morals early on in life. Her father was a sixth generation Quaker, and believed strongly in equal opportunities for boys and girls. The family was also very active with other reform movements of the era. Temperance, the anti-slavery movements, and the Declaration of Sentiments were only a few of the reforms they were involved in. The Anthony’s eventually moved to Rochester, New York in the mid-1840s, there they began to help with the fight to end slavery. They even owned a farm that held meetings for abolitionists such as Frederick Douglas.

Most girls in this era did not receive an education, however Susan B. Anthony was fortunate enough to. Her father did not see a reason as to why his daughters’ could not receive the same education as his sons’. Therefore, Susan and her three sisters’ attended a private Quaker school in Philadelphia, were they were able to gain the same opportunity for advanced education as their brothers. Unfortunately, her father’s business had failed, and Anthony had to return home in order to help ends meet. She found work as a teacher. It is said that it was then that she came to the realization that she was great at teaching and inspiring others. Around this time, she became head of the girls’ department at Canajoharie Academy, she left in 1849. Soon after she devoted most of her time to social issues.

In 1851, while at a anti-slavery conference, she met Elizabeth Cady Stanton. Elizabeth, like Anthony was involved with the temperance movement. Stanton inspired Susan to fight for women’s rights after she was denied the chance to speak at a convention because she was a woman. Later she began to realize that no one wanted to take women in politics seriously because they did not have the right to vote. This horrible experience, and her acquaintance with Elizabeth Stanton, led her to join the women’s rights movement in 1852. Eventually, it became her priority to dedicate her life to women suffrage.

Throughout Anthony’s travels, she endured opposition, abuse, and arrest. However, this did not stop her from lecturing, and she canvassed across the nation for the opportunity to gain the vote, and educate others about the women’s suffrage. She also campaigned the right for women to own their own property and retain their earnings, while advocating for women’s labor organizations. In 1863 Anthony and Stanton organized a Women’s National Loyal League. They campaigned for full citizenship for women and people of any race. The fourteenth and fifteenth amendments were passed, giving only African American males the right to vote. They were very disappointed and upset that women were excluded. However, this did not stop them from continuing the fight for women’s right’s. If anything, it encouraged them to have a greater strive and fight harder.

After the civil war, Anthony had most of her focus towards women’s rights. She helped establish the American Equal Rights Association in 1866, calling for the same rights to be granted to all people regardless of race or gender. Anthony...
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