Survey Report on the Relationship Between Extraversion and Subjective Well-Being
Understanding how personality traits such as openness, extraversion, neuroticism, agreeableness, and conscientiousness affect subjective well-being has been constantly researched. These personality traits have been determined to have a correlational relationship with well-being. This study specifically looks at the trait of extraversion (energy, positive outlook, social behavior) and how it relates to well-being. This study was conducted through the distribution of two surveys to participants during a research methods course at a large private university, the first survey was about personal life satisfaction while the second inquired about characteristics of extraversion. These surveys were then analyzed for a correlational relationship, but the results were deemed to not be significant. These results conflict with conclusions of previous research. However, there are various issues that may have contributed to our findings. Introduction
There has been a lot of previous research in regards to understanding subjective well-being (e.g. life satisfaction), more specifically what psychological elements comprise subjective well-being. Learning about the elements of well-being creates a potential for overall improvement of subjective well-being. It has been determined that personality traits can be a valid indication of subjective well-being, more specifically the “Big 5” personality traits: openness, conscientiousness, extraversion, agreeableness, and neuroticism. (Steel, Schmidt, & Shultz, 2008). The depth of influence a personality trait has on well-being has been debated, but it is important to note that the relationship between personality traits and well-being is indirect. (Jovanovic, 2011). In an attempt to specify the information that can be determined about personality and well-being traits are now being separately tested for their respective relationship to well-being, and if any sort of shared mediating elements exist. (Harris & Lightsey, 2011) An example of this is an analysis of the relationship between extraversion and well-being. While it has been generally determined that extraversion is related to subjective well-being, the intensity of the association varies. (Gomez, Allemand & Grob, 2012). For our study we looked specifically at how extrovert characteristics can influence one’s subjective well-being. Based off of previous research, it was determined that those who express more extraversion characteristics will have a more positive subjective well-being. It is also logical to assume that those who are extraverted (energetic, positive outlook, and social) will have a higher level of well-being. This study was conducted as a two-part survey, the first part being an initial examination of well-being through use of the prominent Satisfaction with Life Survey. The second survey was internally constructed and inquired about levels of extraversion. The data was then analyzed for a significant positive correlation between subjective well-being and personality traits of extraversion. Method
The data for this study was collected during a research methods class at a large private university, in the form of two separate surveys. Our sample size consisted of 28 participants. To retain anonymity for the participants, no other demographic information was collected. Measures
Subjective Well-Being. In order to determine subjective well-being, the 5-item Satisfaction with Life Scale (Diener, Emmons, Larsen & Griffin, 1985) was used. This scale has been used in multiple studies as a simple method to determine global satisfaction with life. Sample items include: “The conditions of my life are excellent,” and “If I could live my life over I would change almost nothing.” Items are rated on a Likert type scale ranging from 1 (strongly disagree) through 7 (strongly agree), with higher scores representing...
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