Survey on Bonded Labour in Gujarat

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Total Number of Respondents: • The survey was conducted among the workers of the following categories: Ship Breaking, Brick Kiln, Agriculture, Cotton Ginning, Agate, Construction and Bentonite processing. A total of 224 workers across the categories were surveyed (survey sheet) on aspects like socio-economic background, native place, migration, reasons of migration, availability of work, labour conditions, living conditions at workplace, payment of wages, implementation of various labour laws, safety and security of workers etc. Frequency 33 30 34 18 31 47 31 224 Percent 14.73 13.39 15.18 8.04 13.84 20.98 13.84 100.00



Name of Sector Ship Breaking Brick Kiln Agriculture Cotton Ginning Aget Construction Bentonite Processing Total

Ship Breaking 15%

Bentonite Processing 14%

Brick Kiln 13% Construction 21%

Ship Breaking Brick Kiln Agriculture Cotton Ginning Aget Construction Bentonite Processing

Agriculture 15% Aget 14% Cotton Ginning 8%



The sample-size of the survey was 224 workers with the largest category formed by Construction workers (20.98%) followed by agriculture sector workers (15.18%), wokers engaged in Ship Breaking (14.73%), Brick Kiln(13.39 %) and workers engaged in processing of Agate and Bentonite ( 13.84% each).

Migrant Labourers among respondents



As per the survey report, intra state (within Gujarat state) migration is around 33.33% against 66.66% for interstate migration- meaning two-third of the workers surveyed were from outside Gujarat. In the analysis of sector-wise intra-state migration, 53% of construction workers were intra state migrants, as construction is booming in Gujarat state and migrant workers can offer unskilled work services at construction sites. In agriculture 32.35% of intrastate migrant workers were found. Brick Kiln has 23.33% and cotton ginning has 16.67% of intrastate migrant workers. Bentonite processing units have 60% of intrastate migrant workers out of the sample surveyed. Brick Kiln 12.57% Not Migrated 14% Agriculture 17.44% Bentonite Processing 32.34%



Cotton Ginning 8.98% Migrated 86% Construction 28.67%

Region Name * Sector of Work Cross tabulation Sector of Work Region Name Ship Breaking Brick Kiln Agriculture Cotton Ginning Construction Bentonite Processing Total 0 7 11 3 25 18 64 Intra State 0.00 23.33 32.35 16.67 53.19 60.00 33.33 33 23 23 15 22 12 128 Inter State 100.00 76.67 67.65 83.33 46.81 40.00 66.67 33 30 34 18 47 30 192 Total 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 *NOTE: Agate workers have been excluded from data as the sector is totally composed of local workers.



In the analysis of sector-wise inter state migration, a total of 34% workers were from Gujarat State, followed by neighbouring states Rajasthan (19%) and Madhya Pradesh (16%). The percentage of workers from Bihar is 10%, Orissa- 7%, Uttar Pradesh-6%, Jharkhand3%, Chattisgarh-2%, Maharashtra-2% and West Bengal 1%. It is notable that workers migrate from far off places like West Bengal, Orissa, Jharkhand, Chattisgarh and Uttar Pradesh.



Region Name Gujarat Rajsthan M.P. Maharatra Bihar Chhatisgadh U.P. Zarkhand Orissa W.Bangal Total

Region Name * Sector of Work Crosstabulation Sector of Work Ship Breaking Brick Kiln Agriculture Cotton Ginning Construction Bentonite Processing 0 7 11 3 25 18 0.00 23.33 32.35 16.67 53.19 60.00 2 19 0 12 4 0 6.06 63.33 0.00 66.67 8.51 0.00 0 0 23 0 8 0 0.00 0.00 67.65 0.00 17.02 0.00 0 0 0 3 0 0 0.00 0.00 0.00 16.67 0.00 0.00 5 0 0 0 4 11 15.15 0.00 0.00 0.00 8.51 36.67 0 4 0 0 0 0 0.00 13.33 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 12 0 0 0 0 0 36.36 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 3 0 0 0 2 1 9.09 0.00 0.00 0.00 4.26 3.33 11 0 0 0 2 0 33.33 0.00 0.00 0.00 4.26 0.00 0 0 0 0 2 0 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 4.26 0.00 33 30 34 18 47 30 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00

Total 64 33.33 37 19.27 31 16.15 3 1.56 20 10.42 4 2.08 12 6.25 6 3.13 13 6.77 2 1.04 192 100.00

Region Name Gujarat Rajasthan M.P. Bihar Chattisgarh U.P....
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