Surrealism and Radically New Approach

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1. Use the words relativity and uncertainty in a paragraph that describes the revolution in modern physics that took place in the early twentieth century.

Modern physicists found, however, that at the physical extremes of nature-the microcosmic realm of atomic particles and the macrocosmic world of heavy astronomical bodies-the laws of Newton’s principia did not apply. German physicist, Albert Einstein, made public his special theory of relativity, a radically new approach to the new concepts of time, space, motion, and light. Building on Einstein’s theories, Werner Heisenberg theorized that since the very act of measuring subatomic phenomena altered them, the position and the velocity of a subatomic particle could not be measured simultaneously with absolute accuracy. His principle of uncertainty the more precisely the position of a particle is determined, the less precisely its momentum can be known-replaced the absolute and rationalist model of the universe with one whose exact mechanisms at the subatomic level are indeterminate.

3. Between 1900 and 1925, traditional norms were violated or abandoned in art, music, and literature. What factors might have brought about this situation? Offer specific examples to illustrate your general statements (think of Picasso, Matisse, Brancusi, and Mondrian)....
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