Topics: Surrealism, André Breton, Surrealist Manifesto Pages: 4 (1525 words) Published: December 8, 2012
This essay will examine the relationship between surrealism and artist film, cinema and gallery work. An art film is a motion picture originally created for a confined audience as opposed to a mass market. Art films provide opportunities to display unique conventions independent from mainstream film.They’re clear differences between the two movements film presents a clear purpose of action opposed to the social realism style often seen in art films where the focal points are the imagination and cognitive thoughts of characters and a prominent display of the directors’ diction. 'Dictionary:  Surrealism, n. Pure psychic automatism, by which one proposes to express, either verbally, in writing, or by any other manner, the real functioning of thought. Dictation of thought in the absence of all control exercised by reason, outside of all aesthetic and moral preoccupation. Encyclopaedia:  Surrealism. Philosophy. Surrealism is based on the belief in the superior reality of certain forms of previously neglected associations, in the omnipotence of dream, in the disinterested play of thought. It tends to ruin once and for all other psychic mechanisms and to substitute itself for them in solving all the principal problems of life.' - Andre Breton 1924   Cultivated in the early twentieth century, surrealism is a form of creative and academic style that emphasizes and reflects upon the non-rational implication of imagery characterized by the unexpected juxtapositions of the subconscious mind. The 1920s saw surrealism thrive as an inventive and radical movement focusing on the ideology that artistic creation should be a way that an individual could attach to their surroundings and express themselves with others using unorthodox methods. Dadaism or Dada, which began in 1916, shaped surrealism. Dada is the basis to abstract literacy, visual art and an exhumation of anti-art, which influenced and developed the infrastructure of Surrealism. 'Within film, much like the dream, the...
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