Support Work in Schools

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ESTUDANT NUMBER: SH34979/DLC
ESTUDANT NAME: Hannelore Bartelmann
54 ALBERT BARNES HOUSE
NEW KENT ROAD
LONDON SE16PJ
COURSE: NCFE SUPPORT WORK IN SCHOOLS AWARD
TUTOR DR CHRIS GARDNER

UNIT 1; TASK 1.1
A – PHYSICAL DEVELOPMENT AGES 0 – 19
Includes movement skills, gross motor skills, fine motor skills, eye hand co-ordination. Children’s development can be supported by:
* Providing space and some equipment for the development of movement skills and gross motor skills and adequate supervision. * Providing material and equipment for the imrovment of fine motor skills. * Providing cooking, sewing, woodwork and other activities to enhance hand eye coordination. PHYSICAL DEVELOPMENT AGES 0 - 3 YEARS

By 6 months a child will:
* Turn their heard toward sounds and movement
* Watch an adult’s faces and voices
* Reach up to hold feetwhen lying on their backs
* Look and reach for objects
* Hold and shake a rattle
* Put everything in their mouths.

Between 6 months and 1 year:
* Move from sitting with support to sitting alone
* Roll over their tummy to their back
* Begin to creep, crawl or shuffle on their bottom
* Pull on or push against adult hands or furniture to reach a standing position * Raises arms to be lifted
* Pat and poke objects when playing
* Turn and look up when they hear their names
* Pass objects from hand to hand
* Look for things that have been hidden or dropped
* Reaches hand towards source of food

Between one and two Years :

* Begin to walk
* Sits alone indefinitely
* Feed themselves
* Push and pull toys while walking
* Wave goodbye
* Point or make noises to indicate wants
* Enjoy a picture book
* Shake head for “NO”
* Uses thumb and first two fingers to grip
* Bangs objects together
* Crawl upstairs
* Stoops to pick things up from the floor
* Begins to show preference for one hand
* Builds tower of few bricks
* Holds crayon in palm and makes marks on paper

Between 2 and 3 years :
* Kneels to plays
* Throws
* Kicks ball
* Builds larger bricks tower
* Pour liquids
* Uses pencil to make marks and circular scribbles.

Physical development Ages 3 – 7
Three Years
* Jumps with together
* Walks on tip toes
* Walks up and down stairs
* Catches a gently thrown ball
* Climbs with increasing confidence
* Paints
* Threds beads on a lace
* Gains control over eating tools

4 years
* Pedals, throw with aim, uses scissors, holds a pencil and can draw people/ houses.

5 years
* Hops, kicks with aim , catch ball, handles pencils with control. Copy shapes and write some letters, sews stitches.

6 to 7 years
* Skips rides bicycle, jumps from height, climbs confidently, writes, threads needle, can do buttons, shoes lace.

Ages 7 – 12
* Run, jump, skip, hit a ball, climb and swing
* Enjoy playing team games by age eight
* May misjudge their ability before age nine.

Ages 12 – 19 years :
Adolescence starting, young people can see many physical developments changing the appearance of their bodies. Everyone’s growth is different. During the adolescence, coordination and strength increase greatly and by age 19 or 20 the adolescent has full adult motor capacities. Boys

Adolescence for boys usually begins later than for girls and usually occurs around fourteen years of age. However, at the end of this growth period. Boys are usually bigger than girls. Boys at this age are beginning to development sex characteristics such as deep voices and body hair and also experience muscle growth and start to take on manly physique. Testicle and scrotum growth begins in early to mid-puberty. Penis growth starts a bit later but continues for a longer period. Some boys move through puberty quickly while others worry about their lack of development. Girls

After initial breast budding around the age of 10, a...
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