The literacy and numeracy skills expected of the pupils with whom you work.
The aim of the school literacy and numeracy policies is to establish the expected level of competency for the children. These policies are driven by the National Curriculum which sets out targets to be achieved in various subject areas at each of the Key Stages.
The Key Stages are as follows:
Key Stage 0| Nursery and reception years (3–5 years old)| Now included as part of the Early Years Foundation Stage| Key Stage 1| Years 1 to 2 (5–7 years old)| |
Key Stage 2| Years 3 to 6 (7–11 years old)| |
Key Stage 3| Years 7 to 9 (11–14 years old)| |
Key Stage 4| Years 10 to 11 (14–16 years old). | The exams at the end are typically of the GCSE level.| Key Stage 5| Years 12 to 13 (16–18 years old). | The exams at the end are typically A-Levels, AS-Levels, NVQs or National Diplomas|
The literacy fundamental skills, knowledge and concepts of the subject are set out in “English in the National Curriculum” where they are categorised into three attainment targets: Speaking and Listening, Reading, and Writing.
Depending on the Key Stage the children will refine their learning in English, for example: In the Foundation Stage (Nursery and Reception) children shall be given opportunities to speak and listen and represent ideas in their activities and to use communication, language and literacy in every part of the curriculum. At Key Stage One (Years 1 and 2), children shall learn to speak confidently and listen to what others have to say. They shall begin to read and write independently. They shall use language to explore their own experiences and imaginary worlds. At Key Stage Two (Years 3 and 6), children shall learn to change the way they speak and write to suit different situations, purposes and audiences. They shall read a range of texts and respond to different layers of meaning in them. They shall explore the use of language in literary and non-literary texts and learn how the structure of language works.
The numeracy fundamental skills, knowledge and concepts of the subject are set out in “Numeracy in the National Curriculum” where they are categorised into attainment targets : At Key Stage One (Years 1 and 2) children shall learn to :
* Using and applying numbers, Numbers and the number system, Calculations , Solving numerical Problems, Measures, shape and space At Key Stage Two (Years 3 and 6) children shall learn to :
* Numbers and Algebra, Measures, shape and space, Handling data
How pupils develop reading, writing, speaking/talking and listening skills, and the factors that promote and hinder effective learning.
The following table represents the typical language development in all its forms (speaking/talking, listening and writing). In fact, children progress at their own pace as they may achieve the various developmental milestones at different ages that could be earlier or later than other children.
Age of the child| Typical Language development|
6 months – 12 months| Respond to his name and respond to voices by turning his head and eyes.Babbling.Understand simple instructions.| 13 months – 24 months| Increase vocabulary (approximately 150-300 words).Repeat a word or phrase over and over.Volume and pitch of voice not yet well-controlled.Able to name a number of objects common to his surroundings.Start to use pronouns (I, you, me).Respond to commands.Around 24 months, make a variety of scribble marks and may even attempt to write the first letter of his name. | 3 years to 4 years| Start to use correctly plurals and past tenses.Able to indicate some parts of body. Handle three word sentences easily.Increase vocabulary (approximately of 900-1000 words).Understanding of simple questions about his activities and about himself (name, sex, age). Communicate in simple sentences and refine the use of his grammar.Scribbles begin to appear...