TDA 2.16 – Supporting children & young people’s play & leisure
Describe the importance of play & leisure for children & young people. Children learn through play. Every moment that the child is playing they are learning new skills, words and meanings. Play gives children the opportunity to explore, take risks, challenge themselves and have fun whilst learning. It is a natural way for children to learn because it uses all of their senses, they are able to take in information and sort this information out in order to solve problems. As play is constantly working a child's brain in a way to help them develop, leisure is also very important to allow the child to de-stress themselves and refresh their minds. Leisure for a child may include things such as sitting down quietly and reading a book, watching the television or sitting down to eat snack and relax. There are 5 different stages of play. Solitary play is when toddlers play completely on their own. They can be totally oblivious to what is going on in their surroundings as they will be caught up in their own little world. Observer is when a child looks at other children playing around them. They find what other children are doing fascinating and they start to take in what others are doing. Whilst they are watching they are constantly learning through the experiences of the other children. Parallel play is when a child plays amongst a group of children but doesn't actually interact with the them. They may share their toys, swap colouring pens and be aware of each other, but they are not actually interacting together. Associative play is when children begin to play together. However, although they are playing together they dont have an overall game plan. For example, you may see them chasing one another around the playground but in an unorganised way. They arent really sure whats going on so if a child was to drop out of the game it would have no effect as there is no actual structure to the children's play. Cooperative play. This is the final development stage of play which children usually experience between the ages of 3 and 4. Children will play together and start to create make believe games such as doctors or mammy's and daddy's. They will all take on different roles and play out different scenarios. I have attatched 2 different examples of play within my setting to the back of the assignment.
Describe how play & leisure contribute to children & young people’s development. Play and leisure are essential parts for a child's physical, emotional, intellectual and social development. Play contributes to a child's social development because they are always practising verbal and non verbal skills by having different roles within the play. They appreciate the feelings of others around them and respond to their peers feelings. They learn social skills such as sharing, wether this be sharing materials or taking turns sharing a role within a game. They experience other's points of view through light conflict, this could mean conflict over materials or game rules. Play provides opportunities to meet knew friends and sociolize. A childs emotional development is also contributed to through play. Play provides a way for children to cope with and express their feelings. Children can link their own fears into their games. For example if a child was afraid of the dark, they might eliminate darkness or night time from their game. They will learn how to control emotional expression through reenacting frightening experiences, for example a traffic accident. Play enables children to also express their thoughts, it allows them to have a say and let their ideas and feelings be known. Physical development is helped greatly though play. Activities that include physical movements allow children to use their energy and it enables the children to develop their gross and fine motor skills. Children will naturally develop the skills they need to walk and run, but through play they will be...
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