An Overview of Green Supply Chain Management in India
Nimawat Dheeraj1 and Namdev Vishal2,
Department of Mechanical Engineering, Singhania University, Pacheri Bari, Jhunjhunu, Rajasthan, INDIA Government Engineering College Jhalawar, Rajasthan, INDIA
Available online at: www.isca.in
(Received 19th March 2012, revised 27th March 2012, accepted 30th March 2012)
The green supply chain management (GSCM) is a powerful way to differentiate a company from its competitors and it can greatly influence the plan success. With increased awareness to corporate responsibility and the requirement to meet the terms with environmental policy, green supply chain management (GSCM) is becoming increasingly important for Indian manufacturers. Companies that have adopted GSCM practices with a focus on distribution activities have successfully improved their business and environmental performance on many levels. Today’s also some of remaining companies have not adopted green supply chain management, due to this environmental performance index (EPI) ranking of India is not good. Today’s environmental performance index (EPI) of India and the major four activities of the green supply chain management; namely green purchasing, green manufacturing, green marketing and reverse logistics are being covered throughout the paper. Keywords: Green manufacturing, green purchasing, green performance index 2012, reverse logistics.
Green supply refers to the way in which innovations in supply chain management and industrial purchasing may be considered in the context of the environment1. Environmental supply chain management consists of the purchasing function’s involvement in activities that include reduction, recycling, reuse and the substitution of materials2. The practice of monitoring and
improving environmental performance in the supply chain3.
Integrating environmental thinking into a supply chain
management, including product design, material resourcing and selection, manufacturing processes, delivery of the final product to the consumer as well as end-of-life management of the
product after its useful life4. From these four definitions we see that there is a range of author focus and purpose on green supply chains and their management. The lack of consensus in practice and definition of green supply chain is not surprising, since its foundational elements of corporate environmental management
and supply chain management are both relatively new areas of study and practice.
Globalization and Greening the Supply Chain: Today’s
Globalization increases the opportunities for buyers. As buyers increase their focus on environment improvement, which
increases the supplier environmental performance. It is true for organizations that regard environmental improvement as a
social goal, not just an issue cost, risk and public image.
Manufacturers need to work with their suppliers of raw material and component, in order to produce environment friendly
products. By using their purchasing power, the industries can set up environment criteria for their suppliers upstream in supply
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chain. Ultimately it can result in the greening of the supply chain.
GSCM = Green purchasing + Green manufacturing/materials
management + Green Distribution / marketing + Reverse
The concept of green supply chain is new concept, appearing in recent literatures. Although this has been very important in business, it is introduced recently and now also literature for environment friendly supply chain is still limited.
“Sustainable Development” is the key concept as discussed in 1992 Earth Summit in Rio, in this, governments and other
international organizations decided to take useful measures to...